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Title 7 Part 51 → §51.3416

Title 7 → Subtitle B → Chapter I → Subchapter C → Part 51 → §51.3416

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 7 Part 51 → §51.3416

e-CFR data is current as of January 23, 2020

Title 7Subtitle BChapter ISubchapter CPart 51 → §51.3416


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 51—FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS)


§51.3416   Classification of defects.

External Defects

DefectsMaximum allowed for U.S. No. 1 processingMaximum allowed for U.S. No. 2 processing
Air cracks5% waste10% waste.
Blackleg5% waste10% waste.
Bruises5% waste10% waste
CutsSmooth, not more than 10% of surfaceSmooth, not more than 13 of surface.
Enlarged lenticels, discolored or sunken5% waste10% waste.
Flea Beetle5% waste10% waste
Folded end5% waste10% waste.
Fusarium tuber rot5% waste10% waste.
Grass, wireworm5% waste10% waste.
Greening, light5% waste10% waste.
Growth cracksSee Footnote No. 210% waste.
Grub5% waste10% waste.
Ingrown sprouts5% waste10% waste.
Nematodes5% waste10% waste.
Rhizoctonia, solid or thick moundedNot more than 10% of surfaceNot more than 25% of surface.
Rodent, bird damage5% waste10% waste.
Scab, pitted5% waste10% waste.
Scab, russet25% of surface or 5% waste50% of surface or 10% waste.
Scab, surface25% of surface or 5% waste50% of surface or 10% waste.
Scab, surface (elephant hide).10% of surface or 5% waste25% of surface or 10% waste.
Second growth5% waste10% waste.
Scaling, surface cracks—when cracked, thick and has depth10% of surface or 5% waste25% of surface or 10% waste.
Sunburn5% waste10% waste.
Sunken discolored areas5% waste10% waste.

Internal Defects

DefectsMaximum allowed for U.S. No. 1 processingMaximum allowed for U.S. No. 2 processing
Occurring outside of or not entirely confined to the vascular ring
Internal Black Spot, Internal Discoloration, Vascular Browning, Fusarium Wilt, Net Necrosis, Other Necrosis, Stem End Browning5% waste10% waste.
Occurring entirely within the vascular ring
Hollow Heart or Hollow Heart with DiscolorationArea affected not to exceed that of a circle 78 inch in diameter in a 10 ounce potato.1Area affected not to exceed that of a circle 114 inches in diameter in a 10 ounce potato.1
Light Brown Discoloration (Brown Center)Area affected not to exceed that of a circle 78 inch in diameter in a 10 ounce potato.1Area affected not to exceed that of a circle 114 inches in diameter in a 10 ounce potato.1
Internal Brown Spot and similar discoloration (Heat Necrosis)Not more than the equivalent of 3 scattered spots 18 inch in diameter in a potato 6 ounces in weight or 212 inches in diameter, or correspondingly lesser or greater number of spots in smaller or larger potatoesNot more than the equivalent of 6 scattered spots 18 inch in diameter in a potato 6 ounces in weight or 212 inches in diameter or correspondingly lesser or greater number of spots in smaller or larger potatoes.

1Note: Or correspondingly lesser or greater areas in smaller or larger potatoes.