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Title 7 Part 51 → §51.1877

Title 7 → Subtitle B → Chapter I → Subchapter C → Part 51 → §51.1877

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 7 Part 51 → §51.1877

e-CFR data is current as of November 14, 2019

Title 7Subtitle BChapter ISubchapter CPart 51 → §51.1877


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 51—FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS)
Subpart—United States Standards for Fresh Tomatoes


§51.1877   Classification of defects.

Table II

References to Area, Aggregate Area, Length or Aggregate Length are Based on a Tomato Having a Diameter of 212 Inches (64 mm)1

FactorDamageSerious damageVery serious damage
Cuts and broken skinsNot shallow or not well healed, or shallow, well healed cut more than 12 inch (13 mm) in length, or other shallow, well healed skin breaks aggregating more than a circle 38 inch (10 mm) in diameterNot shallow or not well healed, or shallow, well healed cut more than 12 inch (13 mm) in length, or other shallow, well healed skin breaks aggregating more than a circle 12 inch (13 mm) in diameterFresh or healed and extending through the tomato wall.
PuffinessOpen space in 1 or more locules materially detracts from appearance of tomato cut through center at right angles to a line from stem to blossom endOpen space in 1 or more locules seriously detracts from appearance of tomato cut through center at right angles to a line from stem to blossom endOpen space in 2 or more locules very seriously detracts from appearance of tomato cut through center at right angles to a line from stem to blossom end.
CatfacesScars are rough or deep, channels are very deep or wide, channels extend into a locule, or a fairly smooth catface aggregating more than a circle 12 inch (13 mm) in diameterScars are rough or deep, channels are very deep or wide, channels extend into a locule, or a fairly smooth catface aggregating more than a circle 34 inch (19 mm) in diameterChannels extend into the locule, wall has been weakened to the extent that slight pressure will cause a tomato to leak, or a fairly smooth catface aggregating more than a circle 1 inch (25 mm) in diameter.
Scars (other than catfaces)No depth and aggregating more than a circle 38 inch (10 mm) in diameterNo depth and aggregating more than a circle 58 inch (16 mm) in diameterNo depth and aggregating more than a circle 1 inch (25 mm) in diameter.
Growth cracks (radiating from or concentric to stem scar)Not well healed, more than 18 inch (3 mm) in depth, individual radial cracks more than 12 inch (13 mm) in length, aggregate length of all radial cracks more than 1 inch (25 mm) measured from edge of stem scar. Any lot of tomatoes which are at least turning may have cracks which are not well healed provided they are not leakingNot well healed, more than 18 inch (3 mm) in depth, individual radial cracks more than 34 inch (19 mm) in length, aggregate length of all radial cracks more than 134 inches (44 mm) measured from edge of stem scar. Any lot of tomatoes which are at least turning may have cracks which are not well healed provided they are not leakingNot well healed, more than 14 inch (6 mm) in depth, individual radial cracks more than 1 inch (25 mm) in length, aggregate length of all radial cracks more than 278 inches (73 mm) measured from edge of stem scar. Any lot of tomatoes which are at least turning may have cracks which are not well healed provided they are not leaking, not more than 18 inch (3 mm) in depth, individual radial cracks are not more than 34 inch (19 mm) in length.
HailDeep, rough, not well healed and corked over, or fairly smooth, shallow hailmarks aggregating more than a circle 38 inch (10 mm) in diameterDeep, rough, not well healed and corked over, or fairly smooth, shallow hailmarks aggregating more than a circle 58 inch (16 mm) in diameterFresh, very deep or fairly smooth, shallow hailmarks aggregating more than a circle 1 inch (25 mm) in diameter.
Insect injuryMaterially detracts from the appearance of any insect is present in the fruitSeriously detracts from the appearance of any insect is present in the fruitVery seriously detracts from the appearance of any insect is present in the fruit.

1Conversion to metric equivalent, made to nearest whole millimeter.

[38 FR 23932, Sept. 5, 1973, as amended at 38 FR 32920, Nov. 29, 1973. Redesignated at 42 FR 32514, June 27, 1977, and further redesignated at 46 FR 63203, Dec. 31, 1981]


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