94.109 Test procedures for Category 3 marine engines.§ 94.109 Test procedures for Category 3 marine engines.
(a) Gaseous emissions shall be measured using the test cycles and procedures specified by Section 5 of the Annex VI Technical Code (incorporated by reference in § 94.5), except as otherwise specified in this paragraph (a).
(1) The inlet air and exhaust restrictions shall be set at the average in-use levels.
(2) Measurements are valid only for sampling periods in which the temperature of the charge air entering the engine is within 3 °C of the temperature that would occur in-use under ambient conditions (temperature, pressure, and humidity) identical to the test conditions. You may measure emissions within larger discrepancies, but you may not use those measurements to demonstrate compliance.
(3) Engine coolant and engine oil temperatures shall be equivalent to the temperatures that would occur in-use under ambient conditions identical to the test conditions.
(4) Exhaust flow rates shall be calculated using measured fuel flow rates.
(5) Standards used for calibration shall be traceable to NIST standards. (Other national standards may be used if they have been shown to be equivalent to NIST standards.)
(6) Certification tests may be performed at any representative pressure and humidity levels. Certification tests may be performed at any ambient air temperature from 13 °C to 30 °C and any charge air cooling water temperature from 17 °C to 27 °C. These limits apply instead of the limits specified in section 5.2.1 of the Annex VI Technical Code. Correct emissions for test conditions using the corrections specified in section 5.12.3 of the Annex VI Technical Code.
(7) Test cycles shall be denormalized based on the maximum test speed described in § 94.107.
(b) Analyzers meeting the specifications of either 40 CFR part 1065, subpart C, or ISO 8178-1 (incorporated by reference in § 94.5) shall be used to measure THC and CO.
(c) The Administrator may specify changes to the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section that are necessary to comply with the general provisions of § 94.102.[68 FR 9785, Feb. 28, 2003, as amended at 70 FR 40458, July 13, 2005]