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Title 7 Part 51 → §51.713

Title 7 → Subtitle B → Chapter I → Subchapter C → Part 51 → §51.713

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

§51.713   Classification of defects.

Table IV

FactorInjuryDamageSerious damageVery serious damage
AmmoniationNot occurring as light speck typeScars are cracked or dark and aggregating more than a circle 34 inch in diameter or light colored and aggregating more than a circle 114 inches in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than 25 percent of the surface.
BuckskinAggregating more than a circle 1 inch in diameter on a 200 size orange.Aggregating more than 25 percent of the surfaceAggregating more than 50 percent of the surface.
Caked melanoseAggregating more than a circle 34 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than 25 percent of the surface.
CreasingMaterially weakens the skin, or extends over more than one-third of the surfaceSeriously weakens the skin, or extends over more than one-half of the surfaceVery seriously weakens the skin, or is distributed over practically the entire surface.
Dryness or mushy conditionAffecting all segments more than 14 inch at stem end, or the equivalent of this amount, by volume, when occurring in other portions of the fruitAffecting all segments more than 12 inch at stem end, or the equivalent of this amount, by volume, when occurring in other portions of the fruitAffecting all segments more than 34 inch at stem end, or the equivalent of this amount, by volume, when occurring in other portions of the fruit.
Green spots or oil spotsMore than slightly affecting appearanceAggregating more than a circle 78 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than a circle 114 inches in diameter on a 200 size orange
HailNot well healed, or aggregating more than a circle 14 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeNot well healed, or aggregating more than a circle 38 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeNot well healed, or aggregating more than a circle 12 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeNot well healed, or aggregating more than a circle 34 inch in diameter on a 200 size orange.
ScabMaterially detracts from the shape or texture, or aggregating more than a circle 58 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeSeriously detracts from the shape or texture, or aggregating more than a circle 34 inch in diameter on a 200 orangeAggregating more than 25 percent of the surface.
ScaleMore than a few adjacent to the “button” at the stem end, or more than 6 scattered on other portions of the fruitAggregating more than a circle 58 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than a circle 34 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than 25 percent of the surface.
ScarsDepressed, not smooth, or detracts from appearance more than the amount of discoloration permitted in the gradeDeep, rough or hard aggregating more than a circle 14 inch in diameter; slightly rough with slight depth aggregating more than a circle 78 inch in diameter; smooth or fairly smooth with slight depth aggregation more than a circle 114 inches in diameter. All areas based on a 200 size orangeDeep, rough aggregating more than a circle 12 inch in diameter; slightly rough with slight depth aggregating more than a circle 114 inches in diameter. All areas based on a 200 size orangeDeep, rough or unsightly that appearance is very seriously affected.
Skin breakdownAggregating more than a circle 14 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than a circle 58 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than 25 percent of the surface.
SunburnSkin is flattened, dry, darkened or hard, aggregating more than 25 percent of the surfaceAffecting more than 13 of the surface, hard, decidedly one-sided, or light brown and aggregating more than a circle 114 inches in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than 50 percent of the surface.
SprayburnHard, or aggregating more than a circle 114 inches in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than 25 percent of the surface.
Split, rough or protruding navelsSplit is unhealed; navel protrudes beyond general contour; opening is so wide, growth so folded and ridged that it detracts noticeably from appearanceSplit is unhealed, or more than 14 inch in length, or more than 3 well healed splits, or navel protrudes beyond the general contour, and opening is so wide, folded or ridged that it detracts materially from appearanceSplit is unhealed, or more than 12 inch in length, or aggregate length of all splits exceed 1 inch, or navel protrudes beyond general contour, and opening is so wide, folded and ridged that it seriously detracts from appearanceSplit is unhealed or fruit is seriously weakened.
Thorn scratchesNot slight, not well healed, or more unsightly than discoloration permitted in the gradeNot well healed, or hard concentrated thorn injury aggregating more than a circle 58 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeNot well healed, or hard concentrated thorn injury aggregating more than a circle 34 inch in diameter on a 200 size orangeAggregating more than 5 percent of the surface.

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