Title 49

PART 238

Part 238 - Passenger Equipment Safety Standards

PART 238 - PASSENGER EQUIPMENT SAFETY STANDARDS Authority:49 U.S.C. 20103, 20107, 20133, 20141, 20302-20303, 20306, 20701-20702, 21301-21302, 21304; 28 U.S.C. 2461, note; and 49 CFR 1.89. Source:64 FR 25660, May 12, 1999, unless otherwise noted.

49:4.1.1.1.32.1SUBPART A
Subpart A - General
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.1SECTION 238.1
   238.1 Purpose and scope.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.2SECTION 238.3
   238.3 Applicability.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.3SECTION 238.5
   238.5 Definitions.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.4SECTION 238.7
   238.7 Waivers.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.5SECTION 238.9
   238.9 Responsibility for compliance.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.6SECTION 238.11
   238.11 Penalties.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.7SECTION 238.13
   238.13 Preemptive effect.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.8SECTION 238.15
   238.15 Movement of passenger equipment with power brake defects.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.9SECTION 238.17
   238.17 Movement of passenger equipment with other than power brake defects.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.10SECTION 238.19
   238.19 Reporting and tracking of repairs to defective passenger equipment.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.11SECTION 238.21
   238.21 Special approval procedure.
49:4.1.1.1.32.1.131.12SECTION 238.23
   238.23 Information collection.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2SUBPART B
Subpart B - Safety Planning and General Requirements
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.1SECTION 238.101
   238.101 Scope.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.2SECTION 238.103
   238.103 Fire safety.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.3SECTION 238.105
   238.105 Train electronic hardware and software safety.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.4SECTION 238.107
   238.107 Inspection, testing, and maintenance plan.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.5SECTION 238.109
   238.109 Training, qualification, and designation program.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.6SECTION 238.111
   238.111 Pre-revenue service acceptance testing plan.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.7SECTION 238.112
   238.112 Door emergency egress and rescue access systems.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.8SECTION 238.113
   238.113 Emergency window exits.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.9SECTION 238.114
   238.114 Rescue access windows.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.10SECTION 238.115
   238.115 Emergency lighting.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.11SECTION 238.117
   238.117 Protection against personal injury.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.12SECTION 238.119
   238.119 Rim-stamped straight-plate wheels.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.13SECTION 238.121
   238.121 Emergency communication.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.14SECTION 238.123
   238.123 Emergency roof access.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.15SECTION 238.125
   238.125 Marking and instructions for emergency egress and rescue access.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.16SECTION 238.127
   238.127 Low-location emergency exit path marking.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.17SECTION 238.131
   238.131 Exterior side door safety systems - new passenger cars and locomotives used in passenger service.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.18SECTION 238.133
   238.133 Exterior side door safety systems - all passenger cars and locomotives used in a passenger service.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.19SECTION 238.135
   238.135 Operating practices for exterior side door safety systems.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.20SECTION 238.137
   238.137 Mixed consist; operating equipment with incompatible exterior side door systems.
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.73APPENDIX
   Figure 1 to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of Location and Staggering of Emergency Window Exits - § 238.113
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.74APPENDIX
   Figure 1A to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of Location of Rescue Access Windows - § 238.114
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.75APPENDIX
   Figure 1B to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of Location and Staggering of Emergency Window Exits and Location of Rescue Access Windows - §§ 238.113 and 238.114
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.76APPENDIX
   Figure 1C to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of a Passenger Compartment Including a Vestibule Connected by an Open Passageway and Excluding a Vestibule Separated by an Interior Door - §§ 238.113 and 238.114
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.77APPENDIX
   Figure 2 to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of a Multi-Level Car Complying with Window Location and Staggering Requirements - §§ 238.113 and 238.114
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.78APPENDIX
   Figure 2A to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of an Intermediate Level Seating Area of a Multi-Level Car Complying With Window Location Requirements - §§ 238.113 and 238.114
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.79APPENDIX
   Figure 2B to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of an Intermediate Level Seating Area of a Multi-Level Car Complying With Window Location Requirements - §§ 238.113 and 238.114
49:4.1.1.1.32.2.131.21.80APPENDIX
   Figure 3 to Subpart B of Part 238 - Example of Location and Marking of Structural Weak Points on Roof of Passenger Car - § 238.123
49:4.1.1.1.32.3SUBPART C
Subpart C - Specific Requirements for Tier I Passenger Equipment
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.1SECTION 238.201
   238.201 Scope/alternative compliance.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.2SECTION 238.203
   238.203 Static end strength.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.3SECTION 238.205
   238.205 Anti-climbing mechanism.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.4SECTION 238.207
   238.207 Link between coupling mechanism and carbody.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.5SECTION 238.209
   238.209 Forward end structure of locomotives, including cab cars and MU locomotives.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.6SECTION 238.211
   238.211 Collision posts.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.7SECTION 238.213
   238.213 Corner posts.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.8SECTION 238.215
   238.215 Rollover strength.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.9SECTION 238.217
   238.217 Side structure.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.10SECTION 238.219
   238.219 Truck-to-car-body attachment.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.11SECTION 238.221
   238.221 Glazing.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.12SECTION 238.223
   238.223 Locomotive fuel tanks.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.13SECTION 238.225
   238.225 Electrical system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.14SECTION 238.227
   238.227 Suspension system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.15SECTION 238.229
   238.229 Safety appliances - general.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.16SECTION 238.230
   238.230 Safety appliances - new equipment.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.17SECTION 238.231
   238.231 Brake system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.18SECTION 238.233
   238.233 Interior fittings and surfaces.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.19SECTION 238.235
   238.235 [Reserved]
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.20SECTION 238.237
   238.237 Automated monitoring.
49:4.1.1.1.32.3.131.21.81APPENDIX
   Figure 1 to Subpart C of Part 238
49:4.1.1.1.32.4SUBPART D
Subpart D - Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Requirements for Tier I Passenger Equipment
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.1SECTION 238.301
   238.301 Scope.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.2SECTION 238.303
   238.303 Exterior calendar day mechanical inspection of passenger equipment.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.3SECTION 238.305
   238.305 Interior calendar day mechanical inspection of passenger cars.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.4SECTION 238.307
   238.307 Periodic mechanical inspection of passenger cars and unpowered vehicles used in passenger trains.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.5SECTION 238.309
   238.309 Periodic brake equipment maintenance.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.6SECTION 238.311
   238.311 Single car test.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.7SECTION 238.313
   238.313 Class I brake test.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.8SECTION 238.315
   238.315 Class IA brake test.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.9SECTION 238.317
   238.317 Class II brake test.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.10SECTION 238.319
   238.319 Running brake test.
49:4.1.1.1.32.4.131.11SECTION 238.321
   238.321 Out-of-service credit.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5SUBPART E
Subpart E - Specific Requirements for Tier II Passenger Equipment
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.1SECTION 238.401
   238.401 Scope.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.2SECTION 238.403
   238.403 Crash energy management.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.3SECTION 238.405
   238.405 Longitudinal static compressive strength.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.4SECTION 238.407
   238.407 Anti-climbing mechanism.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.5SECTION 238.409
   238.409 Forward end structures of power car cabs.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.6SECTION 238.411
   238.411 Rear end structures of power car cabs.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.7SECTION 238.413
   238.413 End structures of trailer cars.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.8SECTION 238.415
   238.415 Rollover strength.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.9SECTION 238.417
   238.417 Side loads.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.10SECTION 238.419
   238.419 Truck-to-car-body and truck component attachment.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.11SECTION 238.421
   238.421 Glazing.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.12SECTION 238.423
   238.423 Fuel tanks.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.13SECTION 238.425
   238.425 Electrical system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.14SECTION 238.427
   238.427 Suspension system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.15SECTION 238.428
   238.428 Overheat sensors.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.16SECTION 238.429
   238.429 Safety appliances.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.17SECTION 238.431
   238.431 Brake system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.18SECTION 238.433
   238.433 Draft system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.19SECTION 238.435
   238.435 Interior fittings and surfaces.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.20SECTION 238.437
   238.437 [Reserved]
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.21SECTION 238.439
   238.439 Doors.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.22SECTION 238.441
   238.441 Emergency roof access.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.23SECTION 238.443
   238.443 Headlights.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.24SECTION 238.445
   238.445 Automated monitoring.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.25SECTION 238.447
   238.447 Train operator's controls and power car cab layout.
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.26.82APPENDIX
   Figure 1 to Subpart E of Part 238 - Power Car Cab Forward End Structure Conceptual Implementation
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.26.83APPENDIX
   Figure 2 to Subpart E of Part 238 - Power Car Cab Rear End Structure Conceptual Implementation 1 - to Subpart E
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.26.84APPENDIX
   Figure 3 to Subpart E of Part 238 - Trailer Car End Structure Conceptual Implementation 1 - to Subpart E
49:4.1.1.1.32.5.131.26.85APPENDIX
   Figure 4 to Subpart E of Part 238 - Trailer Car In-Board Vestibule End Structure Conceptual Implementation 1 - to Subpart E
49:4.1.1.1.32.6SUBPART F
Subpart F - Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Requirements for Tier II Passenger Equipment
49:4.1.1.1.32.6.131.1SECTION 238.501
   238.501 Scope.
49:4.1.1.1.32.6.131.2SECTION 238.503
   238.503 Inspection, testing, and maintenance requirements.
49:4.1.1.1.32.6.131.3SECTION 238.505
   238.505 Program approval procedure.
49:4.1.1.1.32.7SUBPART G
Subpart G - Specific Safety Planning Requirements for Tier II Passenger Equipment
49:4.1.1.1.32.7.131.1SECTION 238.601
   238.601 Scope.
49:4.1.1.1.32.7.131.2SECTION 238.603
   238.603 Safety planning requirements.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8SUBPART H
Subpart H - Specific Requirements for Tier III Passenger Equipment
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131SUBJGRP 131
   Trainset Structure
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.1SECTION 238.701
   238.701 Scope.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.2SECTION 238.702
   238.702 Definitions.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.3SECTION 238.703
   238.703 Quasi-static compression load requirements.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.4SECTION 238.705
   238.705 Dynamic collision scenario.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.5SECTION 238.707
   238.707 Override protection.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.6SECTION 238.709
   238.709 Fluid entry inhibition.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.7SECTION 238.711
   238.711 End structure integrity of cab end.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.8SECTION 238.713
   238.713 End structure integrity of non-cab end.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.9SECTION 238.715
   238.715 Roof and side structure integrity.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.131.10SECTION 238.717
   238.717 Truck-to-carbody attachment.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.132SUBJGRP 132
   Glazing
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.132.11SECTION 238.721
   238.721 Glazing.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.133SUBJGRP 133
   Brake System
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.133.12SECTION 238.731
   238.731 Brake system.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.134SUBJGRP 134
   Interior Fittings and Surfaces
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.134.13SECTION 238.733
   238.733 Interior fixture attachment.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.134.14SECTION 238.735
   238.735 Seat crashworthiness (passenger and cab crew).
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.134.15SECTION 238.737
   238.737 Luggage racks.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.135SUBJGRP 135
   Emergency Systems
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.135.16SECTION 238.741
   238.741 Emergency window egress and rescue access.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.135.17SECTION 238.743
   238.743 Emergency lighting.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.136SUBJGRP 136
   Cab Equipment
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.136.18SECTION 238.751
   238.751 Alerters.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.136.19SECTION 238.753
   238.753 Sanders.
49:4.1.1.1.32.8.137.20.86APPENDIX
   
49:4.1.1.1.32.9SUBPART I
Subpart I - Inspection, Testing, and Maintenance Requirements for Tier III Passenger Equipment - [Reserved]
49:4.1.1.1.32.10SUBPART 0
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.87APPENDIX Appendix A
   Appendix A to Part 238 [Reserved]
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.88APPENDIX Appendix B
   Appendix B to Part 238 - Test Methods and Performance Criteria for the Flammability and Smoke Emission Characteristics of Materials Used in Passenger Cars and Locomotive Cabs
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.89APPENDIX Appendix C
   Appendix C to Part 238 [Reserved]
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.90APPENDIX Appendix D
   Appendix D to Part 238 - Requirements for External Fuel Tanks on Tier I Locomotives
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.91APPENDIX Appendix E
   Appendix E to Part 238 - General Principles of Reliability-Based Maintenance Programs
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.92APPENDIX Appendix F
   Appendix F to Part 238 - Alternative Dynamic Performance Requirements for Front End Structures of Cab Cars and MU Locomotives
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.93APPENDIX Appendix G
   Appendix G to Part 238 - Alternative Requirements for Evaluating the Crashworthiness and Occupant Protection Performance of Tier I Passenger Trainsets
49:4.1.1.1.32.11.137.1.94APPENDIX Appendix H
   Appendix H to Part 238 - Rigid Locomotive Design Computer Model Input Data and Geometrical Depiction