Title 40

PART 85

Part 85 - Control Of Air Pollution From Mobile Sources

PART 85 - CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM MOBILE SOURCES Authority:42 U.S.C. 7401-7671q.

40:21.0.1.1.3.1SUBPART A
Subparts A-E [Reserved]
40:21.0.1.1.3.2SUBPART F
Subpart F - Exemption of Clean Alternative Fuel Conversions From Tampering Prohibition
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.1SECTION 85.501
   85.501 General applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.2SECTION 85.502
   85.502 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.3SECTION 85.505
   85.505 Overview.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.4SECTION 85.510
   85.510 Exemption provisions for new and relatively new vehicles/engines.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.5SECTION 85.515
   85.515 Exemption provisions for intermediate age vehicles/engines.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.6SECTION 85.520
   85.520 Exemption provisions for outside useful life vehicles/engines.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.7SECTION 85.524
   85.524 Legacy standards.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.8SECTION 85.525
   85.525 Applicable standards.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.9SECTION 85.530
   85.530 Vehicle/engine labels and packaging labels.
40:21.0.1.1.3.2.1.10SECTION 85.535
   85.535 Liability, recordkeeping, and end of year reporting.
40:21.0.1.1.3.3SUBPART G
Subparts G-N [Reserved]
40:21.0.1.1.3.4SUBPART O
Subpart O - Urban Bus Rebuild Requirements
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.1SECTION 85.1401
   85.1401 General applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.2SECTION 85.1402
   85.1402 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.3SECTION 85.1403
   85.1403 Particulate standard for pre-1994 model year urban buses effective at time of engine rebuild or engine replacement.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.4SECTION 85.1404
   85.1404 Maintenance of records for urban bus operators; submittal of information; right of entry.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.5SECTION 85.1405
   85.1405 Applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.6SECTION 85.1406
   85.1406 Certification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.7SECTION 85.1407
   85.1407 Notification of intent to certify.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.8SECTION 85.1408
   85.1408 Objections to certification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.9SECTION 85.1409
   85.1409 Warranty.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.10SECTION 85.1410
   85.1410 Changes after certification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.11SECTION 85.1411
   85.1411 Labeling requirements.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.12SECTION 85.1412
   85.1412 Maintenance and submittal of records for equipment certifiers.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.13SECTION 85.1413
   85.1413 Decertification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.14SECTION 85.1414
   85.1414 Alternative test procedures.
40:21.0.1.1.3.4.1.15SECTION 85.1415
   85.1415 Treatment of confidential information.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5SUBPART P
Subpart P - Importation of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Engines
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.1SECTION 85.1501
   85.1501 Applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.2SECTION 85.1502
   85.1502 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.3SECTION 85.1503
   85.1503 General requirements for importation of nonconforming vehicles and engines.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.4SECTION 85.1504
   85.1504 Conditional admission.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.5SECTION 85.1505
   85.1505 Final admission of certified vehicles.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.6SECTION 85.1506
   85.1506 Inspection and testing of imported motor vehicles and engines.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.7SECTION 85.1507
   85.1507 Maintenance of certificate holder's records.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.8SECTION 85.1508
   85.1508 “In Use” inspections and recall requirements.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.9SECTION 85.1509
   85.1509 Final admission of modification and test vehicles.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.10SECTION 85.1510
   85.1510 Maintenance instructions, warranties, emission labeling and fuel economy requirements.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.11SECTION 85.1511
   85.1511 Exemptions and exclusions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.12SECTION 85.1512
   85.1512 Admission of catalyst and O2 sensor-equipped vehicles.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.13SECTION 85.1513
   85.1513 Prohibited acts; penalties.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.14SECTION 85.1514
   85.1514 Treatment of confidential information.
40:21.0.1.1.3.5.1.15SECTION 85.1515
   85.1515 Emission standards and test procedures applicable to imported nonconforming motor vehicles and motor vehicle engines.
40:21.0.1.1.3.6SUBPART Q
Subpart Q [Reserved]
40:21.0.1.1.3.7SUBPART R
Subpart R - Exclusion and Exemption of Motor Vehicles and Motor Vehicle Engines
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.1SECTION 85.1701
   85.1701 General applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.2SECTION 85.1702
   85.1702 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.3SECTION 85.1703
   85.1703 Definition of motor vehicle.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.4SECTION 85.1704
   85.1704 Who may request an exemption.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.5SECTION 85.1705
   85.1705 Testing exemption.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.6SECTION 85.1706
   85.1706 Pre-certification exemption.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.7SECTION 85.1707
   85.1707 Display exemption.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.8SECTION 85.1708
   85.1708 National security exemption.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.9SECTION 85.1709
   85.1709 Export exemptions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.10SECTION 85.1710
   85.1710 Granting of exemptions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.11SECTION 85.1711
   85.1711 Submission of exemption requests.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.12SECTION 85.1712
   85.1712 Treatment of confidential information.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.13SECTION 85.1713-85.1714
   85.1713-85.1714 [Reserved]
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.14SECTION 85.1715
   85.1715 Aircraft meeting the definition of motor vehicle.
40:21.0.1.1.3.7.1.15SECTION 85.1716
   85.1716 Approval of an emergency vehicle field modification (EVFM).
40:21.0.1.1.3.8SUBPART S
Subpart S - Recall Regulations
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.1SECTION 85.1801
   85.1801 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.2SECTION 85.1802
   85.1802 Notice to manufacturer of nonconformity; submission of Remedial Plan.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.3SECTION 85.1803
   85.1803 Remedial Plan.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.4SECTION 85.1804
   85.1804 Approval of Plan: Implementation.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.5SECTION 85.1805
   85.1805 Notification to vehicle or engine owners.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.6SECTION 85.1806
   85.1806 Records and reports.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.7SECTION 85.1807
   85.1807 Public hearings.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.8SECTION 85.1808
   85.1808 Treatment of confidential information.
40:21.0.1.1.3.8.1.9.50APPENDIX Appendix A
   Appendix A to Subpart S of Part 85 - Interpretive Ruling for § 85.1803 - Remedial Plans
40:21.0.1.1.3.9SUBPART T
Subpart T - Emission Defect Reporting Requirements
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.1SECTION 85.1901
   85.1901 Applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.2SECTION 85.1902
   85.1902 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.3SECTION 85.1903
   85.1903 Emissions defect information report.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.4SECTION 85.1904
   85.1904 Voluntary emissions recall report; quarterly reports.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.5SECTION 85.1905
   85.1905 Alternative report formats.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.6SECTION 85.1906
   85.1906 Report filing: Record retention.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.7SECTION 85.1907
   85.1907 Responsibility under other legal provisions preserved.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.8SECTION 85.1908
   85.1908 Disclaimer of production warranty applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.9.1.9SECTION 85.1909
   85.1909 Treatment of confidential information.
40:21.0.1.1.3.10SUBPART U
Subpart U [Reserved]
40:21.0.1.1.3.11SUBPART V
Subpart V - Emissions Control System Performance Warranty Regulations and Voluntary Aftermarket Part Certification Program
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.1SECTION 85.2101
   85.2101 General applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.2SECTION 85.2102
   85.2102 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.3SECTION 85.2103
   85.2103 Emission performance warranty.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.4SECTION 85.2104
   85.2104 Owners' compliance with instructions for proper maintenance and use.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.5SECTION 85.2105
   85.2105 Aftermarket parts.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.6SECTION 85.2106
   85.2106 Warranty claim procedures.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.7SECTION 85.2107
   85.2107 Warranty remedy.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.8SECTION 85.2109
   85.2109 Inclusion of warranty provisions in owners' manuals and warranty booklets.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.9SECTION 85.2110
   85.2110 Submission of owners' manuals and warranty statements to EPA.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.10SECTION 85.2111
   85.2111 Warranty enforcement.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.11SECTION 85.2112
   85.2112 Applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.12SECTION 85.2113
   85.2113 Definitions.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.13SECTION 85.2114
   85.2114 Basis of certification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.14SECTION 85.2115
   85.2115 Notification of intent to certify.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.15SECTION 85.2116
   85.2116 Objections to certification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.16SECTION 85.2117
   85.2117 Warranty and dispute resolution.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.17SECTION 85.2118
   85.2118 Changes after certification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.18SECTION 85.2119
   85.2119 Labeling requirements.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.19SECTION 85.2120
   85.2120 Maintenance and submittal of records.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.20SECTION 85.2121
   85.2121 Decertification.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.21SECTION 85.2122
   85.2122 Emission-critical parameters.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.22SECTION 85.2123
   85.2123 Treatment of confidential information.
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.23.51APPENDIX Appendix I
   Appendix I to Subpart V of Part 85 - Recommended Test Procedures and Test Criteria and Recommended Durability Procedures To Demonstrate Compliance With Emission Critical Parameters
40:21.0.1.1.3.11.1.23.52APPENDIX Appendix II
   Appendix II to Subpart V of Part 85 - Arbitration Rules
40:21.0.1.1.3.12SUBPART W
Subpart W - Emission Control System Performance Warranty Short Tests
40:21.0.1.1.3.12.1.1SECTION 85.2201
   85.2201 Applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.12.1.2SECTION 85.2207
   85.2207 Onboard diagnostic test standards.
40:21.0.1.1.3.12.1.3SECTION 85.2222
   85.2222 Onboard diagnostic test procedures.
40:21.0.1.1.3.12.1.4SECTION 85.2223
   85.2223 Onboard diagnostic test report.
40:21.0.1.1.3.12.1.5SECTION 85.2231
   85.2231 Onboard diagnostic test equipment requirements.
40:21.0.1.1.3.13SUBPART X
Subpart X - Determination of Model Year for Motor Vehicles and Engines Used in Motor Vehicles Under Section 177 and Part A of Title II of the Clean Air Act
40:21.0.1.1.3.13.1.1SECTION 85.2301
   85.2301 Applicability.
40:21.0.1.1.3.13.1.2SECTION 85.2302
   85.2302 Definition of model year.
40:21.0.1.1.3.13.1.3SECTION 85.2303
   85.2303 Duration of model year.
40:21.0.1.1.3.13.1.4SECTION 85.2304
   85.2304 Definition of production period.
40:21.0.1.1.3.13.1.5SECTION 85.2305
   85.2305 Duration and applicability of certificates of conformity.
40:21.0.1.1.3.14SUBPART Y
Subpart Y - Fees for the Motor Vehicle and Engine Compliance Program
40:21.0.1.1.3.14.1.1SECTION 85.2401
   85.2401 Assessment of fees.
40:21.0.1.1.3.14.1.2.53APPENDIX
   Appendixes I-VII to Part 85 [Reserved]
40:21.0.1.1.3.14.1.2.54APPENDIX Appendix VIII
   Appendix VIII to Part 85 - Vehicle and Engine Parameters and Specifications