Title 40

SECTION 91.320

91.320 Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.

§ 91.320 Carbon dioxide analyzer calibration.

(a) Prior to its introduction into service, and monthly thereafter, or within one month prior to the certification test, calibrate the NDIR carbon dioxide analyzer as follows:

(1) Follow good engineering practices for instrument start-up and operation. Adjust the analyzer to optimize performance.

(2) Zero the carbon dioxide analyzer with either purified synthetic air or zero-grade nitrogen.

(3) Calibrate on each normally used operating range with carbon dioxide-in-N2 calibration or span gases having nominal concentrations between 10 and 90 percent of that range. A minimum of six evenly spaced points covering at least 80 percent of the 10 to 90 percent range (64 percent) is required (see following table).

Example calibration points (percent) Acceptable for calibration?
20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 No, range covered is 50 percent, not 64 percent.
20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90 Yes.
10, 25, 40, 55, 70, 85 Yes.
10, 30, 50, 70, 90 No, though equally spaced and entire range covered, a minimum of six points is needed.

(4) Additional calibration points may be generated. For each range calibrated, if the deviation from a least-squares best-fit straight line is 2 percent or less of the value at each data point, concentration values may be calculated by use of a single calibration factor for that range. If the deviation exceeds 2 percent at any point, use the best-fit non-linear equation which represents the data to within 2 percent of each test point to determine concentration.

(b) The initial and periodic interference, system check, and calibration test procedures specified in 40 CFR part 1065, subparts C and D, may be used in lieu of the procedures in this section.

[61 FR 52102, Oct. 4, 1996, as amended at 70 FR 40451, July 13, 2005]