91.1103 Prohibited acts.§ 91.1103 Prohibited acts.
(a) The following acts and the causing thereof are prohibited:
(1)(i) In the case of a manufacturer of new marine SI engines or vessels for distribution in commerce, the sale, the offering for sale, or the introduction, or delivery for introduction, into commerce, of any new marine SI engine manufactured after the applicable effective date under this part unless such engine is covered by a certificate of conformity issued (and in effect) under regulations found in this part.
(ii) In the case of any person, except as provided by regulation of the Administrator, the importation into the United States of any new marine SI engine manufactured after the applicable effective date under this part unless such engine is covered by a certificate of conformity issued (and in effect) under regulations found in this part.
(2)(i) For a person to fail or refuse to permit access to or copying of records or to fail to make reports or provide information required under § 91.1104.
(ii) For a person to fail or refuse to permit entry, testing or inspection authorized under § 91.118, 91.505 or 91.1104.
(iii) For a person to fail or refuse to perform tests, or to have tests performed as required under § 91.118 or § 91.1104.
(iv) For a person to fail to establish or maintain records as required under § 91.1104.
(3)(i) For a person to remove or render inoperative a device or element of design installed on or in a marine engine in compliance with regulations under this part prior to its sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser, or for a person knowingly to remove or render inoperative such a device or element of design after the sale and delivery to the ultimate purchaser; or
(ii) For a person to manufacture, sell or offer to sell, or install, a part or component intended for use with, or as part of, a marine SI engine, where a principal effect of the part or component is to bypass, defeat, or render inoperative a device or element of design installed on or in a marine SI engine in compliance with regulations issued under this part, and where the person knows or should know that the part or component is being offered for sale or installed for this use or put to such use.
(4) For a manufacturer of a new marine SI engine subject to standards prescribed under this part:
(i) To sell, offer for sale, or introduce or deliver into commerce, a marine SI engine unless the manufacturer has complied with the requirements of § 91.1203.
(ii) To sell, offer for sale, or introduce or deliver into commerce, a marine SI engine unless a label or tag is affixed to the engine in accordance with regulations under this part.
(iii) To provide directly or indirectly in any communication to the ultimate purchaser or a subsequent purchaser that the coverage of a warranty under the Act is conditioned upon use of a part, component, or system manufactured by the manufacturer or a person acting for the manufacturer or under its control, or conditioned upon service performed by such persons, except as provided in subpart M of this part.
(iv) To fail or refuse to comply with the terms and conditions of the warranty under subpart M of this part.
(5) For a manufacturer of new marine vessels or equipment to distribute in commerce, sell, offer for sale, or introduce into commerce, marine vessels or equipment which contain an engine not covered by a certificate of conformity.
(b) For the purposes of enforcement of this part, the following apply:
(1) Nothing in paragraph (a) of this section is to be construed to require the use of manufacturer parts in maintaining or repairing a marine SI engine.
(2) Actions for the purpose of repair or replacement of a device or element of design or any other item are not considered prohibited acts under § 91.1103(a) if the actions are a necessary and temporary procedure, the device or element is replaced upon completion of the procedure, and the action results in the proper functioning of the device or element of design.
(3) The following provisions apply for converting marine SI engines to use alternative fuels:
(i) Until December 31, 2009, converting an engine to use a clean alternative fuel (as defined in Title II of the Act) is not considered a prohibited act under paragraph (a) of this section if the engine complies with the applicable standard when operating on the alternative fuel. Also, in the case of engines converted to dual fuel or flexible use, the action must result in the proper functioning of the engine when it operates on conventional fuel.
(ii) The provisions of 40 CFR 1045.645 apply starting January 1, 2010.
(4) A new marine spark-ignition engine intended solely to replace an engine in an outboard engine, or other engine to which this part is applicable as determined by §§ 91.1, 91.101, 91.106 that was originally produced with an engine manufactured prior to the applicable implementation date as described in §§ 91.2, and 91.106 and 91.205(a)(1), or that was originally produced in a model year in which less stringent emission standards under this part were in effect shall not be subject to the requirements of § 91.106 or the prohibitions of paragraph (a)(1) of this section provided that:
(i) The engine manufacturer has ascertained that no engine produced by itself or the manufacturer of the engine that is being replaced, if different, and certified to the requirements of this subpart, is available with the appropriate physical or performance characteristics to repower the outboard, personal watercraft or jetboat; and
(ii) Unless an alternative control mechanism is approved in advance by the Administrator, the engine manufacturer or its agent takes ownership and possession of the engine being replaced; and
(iii) The replacement engine is clearly labeled with the following language, or similar alternate language approved in advance by the Administrator:This engine does not comply with Federal nonroad or on-highway emission requirements. Sale or installation of this engine for any purpose other than as a replacement engine in a marine vessel whose original engine was not certified, or was certified to less stringent emission standards than those that apply to the year of manufacture of this engine, is a violation of Federal law subject to civil penalty; and
(iv) Where the replacement engine is intended to replace an engine built after the applicable implementation date as described in §§ 91.2, 91.106 and 91.205(a)(1), but built to less stringent emission standards than are currently applicable, the replacement engine shall be identical in all material respects to a certified configuration of the same or later model year as the engine being replaced; and
(v) In cases where an engine is to be imported for replacement purposes under the provisions of this paragraph (b)(4), the term “engine manufacturer” does not apply to an individual or other entity that does not possess a current Certificate of Conformity issued by EPA under this part.[61 FR 52102, Oct. 4, 1996, as amended at 62 FR 42644, Aug. 7, 1997; 65 FR 24314, Apr. 25, 2000; 73 FR 59183, Oct. 8, 2008]