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Title 7 Part 810 → Subpart L

Title 7 → Subtitle B → Chapter VIII → Subchapter A → Part 810 → Subpart L

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 7 Part 810 → Subpart L

e-CFR data is current as of September 18, 2019

Title 7Subtitle BChapter VIIISubchapter APart 810 → Subpart L


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 810—OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN


§810.2001   Definition of triticale.

Grain that, before the removal of dockage, consists of 50 percent or more of triticale (X Triticosecale Wittmack) and not more than 10 percent of other grains for which standards have been established under the United States Grain Standards Act and that, after the removal of dockage, contains 50 percent or more of whole triticale.

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§810.2002   Definition of other terms.

(a) Damaged kernels. Kernels, pieces of triticale kernels, and other grains that are badly ground-damaged, badly weather-damaged, diseased, frost-damaged, germ-damaged, heat-damaged, insect-bored, mold-damaged, sprout-damaged, or otherwise materially damaged.

(b) Defects. Damaged kernels, foreign material, and shrunken and broken kernels. The sum of these three factors may not exceed the limit for the factor defects for each numerical grade.

(c) Dockage. All matter other than triticale that can be removed from the original sample by use of an approved device according to procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions. Also, underdeveloped, shriveled, and small pieces of triticale kernels removed in properly separating the material other than triticale and that cannot be recovered by properly rescreening or recleaning.

(d) Foreign material. All matter other than triticale.

(e) Heat-damaged kernels. Kernels, pieces of triticale kernels, and other grains that are materially discolored and damaged by heat.

(f) Other grains. Barley, corn, cultivated buckwheat, einkorn, emmer, flaxseed, guar, hull-less barley, nongrain sorghum, oats, Polish wheat, popcorn, poulard wheat, rice, rye, safflower, sorghum, soybeans, spelt, sunflower seed, sweet corn, wheat, and wild oats.

(g) Shrunken and broken kernels. All matter that passes through a 0.064 × 3/8 oblong-hole sieve after sieving according to procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions.

(h) Sieve—0.064 × 38 oblong-hole sieve. A metal sieve 0.032 inch thick with oblong perforations 0.064 inch by 0.375 (3/8) inch.

[52 FR 24418, June 30, 1987; 52 FR 28534, July 31, 1987]

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Principles Governing the Application of Standards

§810.2003   Basis of determination.

Each determination of heat-damaged kernels, damaged kernels, material other than wheat or rye, and foreign material (total) is made on the basis of the grain when free from dockage and shrunken and broken kernels. Other determinations not specifically provided for under the general provisions are made on the basis of the grain when free from dockage except the determination of odor is made on either the basis of the grain as a whole or the grain when free from dockage.

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Grades and Grade Requirements

§810.2004   Grades and grade requirements for triticale.

GradeMinimum test weight per bushel (pounds)Maximum limits of—
Damaged KernelsForeign materialShrunken and broken kernels (percent)Defects3 (percent)
Heat damaged (percent)Total1 (percent)Material other than wheat or rye (percent)Total2 (percent)
U.S. No. 148.00.22.01.02.05.05.0
U.S. No. 245.00.24.02.04.08.08.0
U.S. No. 343.00.58.03.07.012.012.0
U.S. No. 441.03.015.04.010.020.020.0
U.S. Sample grade—
U.S. Sample grade is triticale that:
(a) Does not meet the requirements for the grades U.S. Nos. 1, 2, 3, or 4; or
(b) Contains 8 or more stones or any number of stones which have an aggregate weight in excess of 0.2 percent of the sample weight, 2 or more pieces of glass, 3 or more crotalaria seeds (Crotalaria spp.), 2 or more castor beans (Ricinus communis L.), 4 or more particles of an unknown foreign substance(s) or a commonly recognized harmful or toxic substance(s), 2 or more rodent pellets, bird droppings, or equivalent quantity of other animal filth per 118 to 114 quarts of triticale; or
(c) Has a musty, sour, or commercially objectionable foreign odor (except smut or garlic odor); or
(d) Is heating or otherwise of distinctly low quality.

1Includes heat-damaged kernels.

2Includes material other than wheat or rye.

3Defects include damaged kernels (total), foreign material (total) and shrunken and broken kernels. The sum of these three factors may not exceed the limit for defects for each numerical grade.

[52 FR 24418, June 30, 1987; 52 FR 28534, July 31, 1987]

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Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements

§810.2005   Special grades and special grade requirements.

(a) Ergoty triticale. Triticale that contains more than 0.10 percent of ergot.

(b) Garlicky triticale. Triticale that contains in a 1,000 gram portion more than six green garlic bulblets or an equivalent quantity of dry or partly dry bulblets.

(c) Light garlicky triticale. Triticale that contains in a 1,000 gram portion two or more, but not more than six, green garlic bulblets or an equivalent quantity of dry or partly dry bulblets.

(d) Light smutty triticale. Triticale that has an unmistakable odor of smut, or that contains in a 250 gram portion smut balls, portions of smut balls, or spores of smut in excess of a quantity equal to 14 smut balls, but not in excess of a quantity equal to 30 smut balls of average size.

(e) Smutty triticale. Triticale that contains in a 250 gram portion smut balls, portions of smut balls, or spores of smut in excess of a quantity equal to 30 smut balls of average size.

[52 FR 24418, June 30, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 24441, June 30, 1987]

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