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Title 7 Part 51 → Subpart

Title 7 → Subtitle B → Chapter I → Subchapter C → Part 51 → Subpart

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 7 Part 51 → Subpart

e-CFR data is current as of November 18, 2019

Title 7Subtitle BChapter ISubchapter CPart 51 → Subpart


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 51—FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS)


Subpart—United States Standards for Grades of Shelled Pistachio Nuts


Contents
§51.2555   General.
§51.2556   Grades.
§51.2557   Tolerances.
§51.2558   Application of tolerances.
§51.2559   Size classifications.
§51.2560   Definitions.
§51.2561   Average moisture content.
§51.2562   Metric Conversion Table.

Source: 55 FR 28747, July 13, 1990, unless otherwise noted.

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§51.2555   General.

(a) Compliance with the provisions of these standards shall not excuse failure to comply with provisions of applicable Federal or State laws.

(b) These standards are applicable to raw, roasted, salted or salted/roasted pistachio kernels.

[55 FR 28747, July 13, 1990, as amended at 68 FR 50685, Aug. 22, 2003]

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§51.2556   Grades.

(a) “U.S. Fancy,” “U.S. Extra No. 1,” and “U.S. No. 1” consist of pistachio kernels which meet the following requirements:

(1) Well dried, or very well dried when specified in connection with the grade.

(2) Free from:

(i) Foreign material, including in-shell nuts, shells, or shell fragments.

(3) Free from damage by:

(i) Immature kernels;

(ii) Kernel spotting; and

(iii) Other defects.

(4) Free from serious damage by:

(i) Mold;

(ii) Minor insect or vertebrate injury;

(iii) Insect damage;

(iv) Rancidity;

(v) Decay; and,

(vi) Other defects.

(5) Unless otherwise specified, kernels shall meet the size classification of Jumbo Whole Kernels (See §51.2559).

(b) [Reserved]

[68 FR 50685, Aug. 22, 2003]

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§51.2557   Tolerances.

(a) In order to allow for variations incident to proper grading and handling, the tolerances, by weight, in Table I are provided.

Table 1—Tolerances

Factor
(tolerances by weight)
U.S. fancy
(percent)
U.S. extra No. 1
(percent)
U.S. No. 1
(percent)
(a) Damage2.02.53.0
(b) Serious Damage (Minor Insect or Vertebrate Injury, Mold, Rancid, Decay)1.52.02.5
(1) Insect Damage, included in (b).3.4.5
(c) Foreign Material.03.05.1

[55 FR 28747, July 13, 1990; 55 FR 29938, July 23, 1990, as amended at 68 FR 50685, Aug. 22, 2003; 69 FR 76835, Dec. 23, 2004]

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§51.2558   Application of tolerances.

The tolerances for the grades apply to the entire lot and shall be based on a composite sample representative of the lot. Any container or group of containers which have kernels obviously different in quality or size from those in the majority of containers shall be considered a separate lot and shall be sampled separately.

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§51.2559   Size classifications.

(a) The size of pistachio kernels may be specified in connection with the grade in accordance with one of the following size classifications.

(1) Jumbo Whole Kernels: 80 percent or more by weight shall be whole kernels and not more than 5 percent of the total sample shall pass through a 2464 inch round hole screen with not more than 1 percent passing through a 1664 inch round hole screen.

(2) Large Whole Kernels: 80 percent or more, by weight, shall be whole kernels and not more than 2 percent of the total sample shall pass through a 1664 inch round hole screen.

(3) Large Split Kernels: 75 percent or more, by weight, shall be half kernels split lengthwise and not more than 5 percent of the total sample shall pass through a 1664 inch round hole screen.

(4) Whole and Broken Kernels: means a mixture of any combination of whole kernels or pieces. The percentage of whole kernels and/or pieces may be specified. Not more than 5 percent of the total sample shall pass through a 564 inch round hole screen.

(b) [Reserved]

[68 FR 50685, Aug. 22, 2003]

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§51.2560   Definitions.

(a) Well dried means the kernel is firm and crisp.

(b) Very well dried means the kernel is firm and crisp and the average moisture content of the lot does not exceed 7 percent or is specified (See §51.2561).

(c) Foreign material means leaves, sticks, in-shell nuts, shells or pieces of shells, dirt, or rocks, or any other substance other than pistachio kernels. No allowable tolerances for metal or glass.

(d) Whole kernel means 34 of a kernel or more.

(e) Splits means more than 34 of a half kernel split lengthwise.

(f) Damage means any specific defect described in paragraph (f) (1) through (2) of this section or an equally objectionable variation of any one of these defects, any other defect, or any combination of defects, which materially detracts from the appearance or the edible or marketing quality of the individual kernel or of the lot. (For tolerances, see §51.2557, Table I.)

(1) Immature kernels are excessively thin kernels and can have black, brown or gray surface with a dark interior color and the immaturity has adversely affected the flavor of the kernel.

(2) Kernel spotting refers to dark brown or dark gray spots aggregating more than one-eighth of the surface of the kernel.

(g) Serious damage means any specific defect described in paragraph (g) (1) through (5) of this section, or an equally objectionable variation of any one of these defects, any other defect, or any combination of defects, which seriously detracts from the appearance or the edible or marketing quality of the individual kernel or of the lot. (For tolerances see §51.2557 Table I.)

(1) Mold which is readily visible on the kernel.

(2) Minor insect or vertebrate injury means the kernel shows conspicuous evidence of feeding.

(3) Insect damage is an insect, insect fragment, web or frass attached to the kernel. No live insects shall be permitted.

(4) Rancidity means the kernel is distinctly rancid to taste. Staleness of flavor shall not be classed as rancidity.

(5) Decay means one-sixteenth or more of the kernel is decomposed.

[68 FR 50685, Aug. 22, 2003]

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§51.2561   Average moisture content.

(a) Determining average moisture content of the lot is not a requirement of the grades, except when kernels are specified as “very well dried.” It may be carried out upon request in connection with grade analysis or as a separate determination.

(b) Kernels shall be obtained from a randomly drawn composite sample. Official certification shall be based on the air-oven method or other officially approved methods or devices. Results obtained by methods or devices not officially approved may be reported and shall include a description of the method or device and owner of any equipment used.

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§51.2562   Metric Conversion Table.

Use the following table for metric conversion:

Inches Millimeters
564 1.98
1664 6.35
2464 9.53
OuncesGrams
128.35
256.7

[68 FR 50686, Aug. 22, 2003]

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