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Title 7 Part 810 → Subpart J

Title 7 → Subtitle B → Chapter VIII → Part 810 → Subpart J

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 7 Part 810 → Subpart J

e-CFR data is current as of July 19, 2019

Title 7Subtitle BChapter VIIIPart 810 → Subpart J


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 810—OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN


§810.1601   Definition of soybeans.

Grain that consists of 50 percent or more of whole or broken soybeans (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) that will not pass through an 864 round-hole sieve and not more than 10.0 percent of other grains for which standards have been established under the United States Grain Standards Act.

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§810.1602   Definition of other terms.

(a) Classes. There are two classes for soybeans: Yellow soybeans and Mixed soybeans.

(1) Yellow soybeans. Soybeans that have yellow or green seed coats and which in cross section, are yellow or have a yellow tinge, and may include not more than 10.0 percent of soybeans of other colors.

(2) Mixed soybeans. Soybeans that do not meet the requirements of the class Yellow soybeans.

(b) Damaged kernels. Soybeans and pieces of soybeans that are badly ground-damaged, badly weather-damaged, diseased, frost-damaged, germ-damaged, heat-damaged, insect-bored, mold-damaged, sprout-damaged, stinkbug-stung, or otherwise materially damaged. Stinkbug-stung kernels are considered damaged kernels at the rate of one-fourth of the actual percentage of the stung kernels.

(c) Foreign material. All matter that passes through an 864 round-hole sieve and all matter other than soybeans remaining in the sieved sample after sieving according to procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions.

(d) Heat-damaged kernels. Soybeans and pieces of soybeans that are materially discolored and damaged by heat.

(e) Purple mottled or stained. Soybeans that are discolored by the growth of a fungus; or by dirt; or by a dirt-like substance(s) including nontoxic inoculants; or by other nontoxic substances.

(f) Sieve— 864 round-hole sieve. A metal sieve 0.032 inch thick perforated with round holes 0.125 ( 864 ) inch in diameter.

(g) Soybeans of other colors. Soybeans that have green, black, brown, or bicolored seed coats. Soybeans that have green seed coats will also be green in cross section. Bicolored soybeans will have seed coats of two colors, one of which is brown or black, and the brown or black color covers 50 percent of the seed coats. The hilum of a soybean is not considered a part of the seed coat for this determination.

(h) Splits. Soybeans with more than 14 of the bean removed and that are not damaged.

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Principles Governing the Application of Standards

§810.1603   Basis of determination.

Each determination of class, heat-damaged kernels, damaged kernels, splits, and soybeans of other colors is made on the basis of the grain when free from foreign material. Other determinations not specifically provided for under the general provisions are made on the basis of the grain as a whole.

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Grades and Grade Requirements

§810.1604   Grades and grade requirements for soybeans.

Grading factorsGrades U.S. Nos.
1234
Maximum percent limits of:
Damaged kernels:
Heat (part of total)0.20.51.03.0
Total2.03.05.08.0
Foreign material1.02.03.05.0
Splits10.020.030.040.0
Soybeans of other colors:11.02.05.010.0
Maximum count limits of:
Other material:
Animal filth9999
Caster beans1111
Crotalaria seeds2222
Glass0000
Stones23333
Unknown foreign substance3333
Total310101010
U.S. Sample grade are Soybeans that:
(a) Do not meet the requirements for U.S. Nos. 1, 2, 3, or 4; or
(b) Have a musty, sour, or commercially objectionable foreign odor (except smut or garlic odor); or
(c) Are heating or of distinctly low quality.

1Disregard for Mixed soybeans.

2In addition to the maximum count limit, stones must exceed 0.1 percent of the sample weight.

3Includes any combination of animal filth, castor beans, crotalaria seeds, glass, stones, and unknown substances. The weight of stones is not applicable for total other material.

[71 FR 52406, Sept. 6, 2006]

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Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements

§810.1605   Special grades and special grade requirements.

(a) Garlicky soybeans. Soybeans that contain 5 or more green garlic bulblets or an equivalent quantity of dry or partly dry bulblets in a 1,000 gram portion.

(b) Purple mottled or stained soybeans. Soybeans with pink or purple seed coats as determined on a portion of approximately 400 grams with the use of an FGIS Interpretive Line Photograph.

[52 FR 24418, June 30, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 24441, June 30, 1987; 59 FR 10573, Mar. 7, 1994]

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