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Title 7 Part 810 → Subpart I

Title 7 → Subtitle B → Chapter VIII → Subchapter A → Part 810 → Subpart I

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 7 Part 810 → Subpart I

e-CFR data is current as of September 18, 2019

Title 7Subtitle BChapter VIIISubchapter APart 810 → Subpart I


Title 7: Agriculture
PART 810—OFFICIAL UNITED STATES STANDARDS FOR GRAIN


§810.1401   Definition of sorghum.

Grain that, before the removal of dockage, consists of 50 percent or more of whole kernels of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) excluding nongrain sorghum and not more than 10.0 percent of other grains for which standards have been established under the United States Grain Standards Act.

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§810.1402   Definition of other terms.

(a) Broken kernels. All matter which passes through a 5/64 triangular-hole sieve and over a 2-1/2/64 round-hole sieve according to procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions.

(b) Broken kernels and foreign material. The combination of broken kernels and foreign material as defined in paragraph (a) and (f) of this section.

(c) Classes. There are four classes of sorghum: Sorghum, Tannin sorghum, White sorghum, and Mixed sorghum.

(1) Sorghum. Sorghum which lacks a pigmented testa (subcoat) and contains less than 98.0 percent White sorghum and not more than 3.0 percent Tannin sorghum. The pericarp color of this class may appear white, yellow, red, pink, orange or bronze.

(2) Tannin sorghum. Sorghum which has a pigmented testa (subcoat) and contains not more than 10 percent of kernels without a pigmented testa.

(3) White sorghum. Sorghum which lacks a pigmented testa (subcoat) and contains not less than 98.0 percent kernels with a white pericarp, and contains not more than 2.0 percent of sorghum of other classes. This class includes sorghum containing spots that, singly or in combination, cover 25.0 percent or less of the kernel.

(4) Mixed sorghum. Sorghum which does not meet the requirements for any of the classes Sorghum, Tannin sorghum, or White sorghum.

(d) Damaged kernels. Kernels, pieces of sorghum kernels and other grains that are badly ground damaged, badly weather damaged, diseased, frost-damaged, germ-damaged, heat-damaged, insect-bored, mold-damaged, sprout-damaged, or otherwise materially damaged.

(e) Dockage. All matter other than sorghum that can be removed from the original sample by use of an approved device according to procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions. Also, underdeveloped, shriveled, and small pieces of sorghum kernels removed in properly separating the material other than sorghum.

(f) Foreign material. All matter, except sorghum, which passes over the number 6 riddle and all matter other than sorghum that remains on top of the 5/64 triangular-hole sieve according to procedures prescribed in FGIS instructions.

(g) Heat-damaged kernels. Kernels, pieces of sorghum kernels, and other grains that are materially discolored and damaged by heat.

(h) Nongrain sorghum. Seeds of broomcorn, Johnson-grass, Sorghum almum Parodi, and sudangrass; and seeds of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench that appear atypical of grain sorghum.

(i) Pericarp. The pericarp is the outer layers of the sorghum grain and is fused to the seedcoat.

(j) Sieves—(1) 1.98 mm (5/64 (0.0781) inches) triangular-hole sieve. A metal sieve 0.81 mm (0.032 inches) thick with equilateral triangular perforations the inscribed circles of which are 1.98 mm (0.0781 inches) in diameter.

(2) 0.99 mm (2 1/2 /64 (0.0391) inches) round-hole sieve. A metal sieve 0.81 mm (0.032 inch) thick with round holes 0.99 mm (0.0391 inches) in diameter.

[52 FR 24418, June 30, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 24437, June 30, 1987; 52 FR 28534, July 31, 1987; 57 FR 58971, Dec. 14, 1992; 72 FR 39732, July 20, 2007]

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Principles Governing the Application of Standards

§810.1403   Basis of determination.

Each determination of broken kernels and foreign material is made on the basis of the grain when free from dockage. Each determination of class, damaged kernels, heat-damaged kernels, and stones is made on the basis of the grain when free from dockage and that portion of the broken kernels, and foreign material that will pass through a 1.98 mm (5/64 inches) triangular-hole sieve. Other determinations not specifically provided for in the general provisions are made on the basis of the grain as a whole except the determination of odor is made on either the basis of the grain as a whole or the grain when free from dockage, broken kernels, and foreign material removed by the 1.98 mm (5/64 inches) triangular-hole sieve.

[57 FR 58971, Dec. 14, 1992]

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Grades and Grade Requirements

§810.1404   Grades and grade requirements for sorghum.

Grading factorsGrades U.S. Nos.1
1234
Minimum pound limits of
Test weight per bushel57.055.053.051.0
Maximum percent limits of
Damaged kernels:
Heat (part of total)0.20.51.03.0
Total2.05.010.015.0
Broken kernels and foreign material:
Foreign material (part of total)1.02.03.04.0
Total3.06.08.010.0
Maximum count limits of
Other material:
Animal filth9999
Castor beans1111
Crotalaria seeds2222
Glass1111
Stones27777
Unknown foreign substance3333
Cockleburs7777
Total310101010
U.S. Sample grade is sorghum that:
(a) Does not meet the requirements for U.S. Nos. 1, 2, 3, or 4; or
(b) Has a musty, sour, or commercially objectionable foreign odor (except smut odor); or
(c) Is badly weathered, heating, or distinctly low quality.

1Sorghum which is distinctly discolored shall not grade higher than U.S. No. 3.

2Aggregate weight of stones must also exceed 0.2 percent of the sample weight.

3Includes any combination of animal filth, castor beans, crotalaria seeds, glass, stones, unknown foreign substance or cockleburs.

[72 FR 39733, July 20, 2007]

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Special Grades and Special Grade Requirements

§810.1405   Special grades and special grade requirements.

Smutty sorghum. Sorghum that has kernels covered with smut spores to give a smutty appearance in mass, or that contains 20 or more smut balls in 100 grams of sorghum.

[52 FR 24418, June 30, 1987, as amended at 52 FR 24441, June 30, 1987]

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