Title 37

PART 1

Part 1 - Rules Of Practice In Patent Cases

PART 1 - RULES OF PRACTICE IN PATENT CASES Authority:35 U.S.C. 2(b)(2), unless otherwise noted. Source:24 FR 10332, Dec. 22, 1959, unless otherwise noted. Editorial Notes:1. In Patent and Trademark Office publications and usage the part number is omitted from the numbers of §§ 1.1 to 1.352 and the numbers to the right of the decimal point correspond with the respective rule numbers.

2. For nomenclature changes to part 1, see 68 FR 14335, Mar. 25, 2003.

37:1.0.1.1.1.1SUBPART A
Subpart A - General Provisions
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73SUBJGRP 73
   General Information and Correspondence
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.1SECTION 1.1
   1.1 Addresses for non-trademark correspondence with the United States Patent and Trademark Office.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.2SECTION 1.2
   1.2 Business to be transacted in writing.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.3SECTION 1.3
   1.3 Business to be conducted with decorum and courtesy.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.4SECTION 1.4
   1.4 Nature of correspondence and signature requirements.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.5SECTION 1.5
   1.5 Identification of patent, patent application, or patent-related proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.6SECTION 1.6
   1.6 Receipt of correspondence.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.7SECTION 1.7
   1.7 Times for taking action; Expiration on Saturday, Sunday or Federal holiday.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.8SECTION 1.8
   1.8 Certificate of mailing or transmission.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.9SECTION 1.9
   1.9 Definitions.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.73.10SECTION 1.10
   1.10 Filing of correspondence by Priority Mail Express®.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.74SUBJGRP 74
   Records and Files of the Patent and Trademark Office
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.74.11SECTION 1.11
   1.11 Files open to the public.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.74.12SECTION 1.12
   1.12 Assignment records open to public inspection.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.74.13SECTION 1.13
   1.13 Copies and certified copies.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.74.14SECTION 1.14
   1.14 Patent applications preserved in confidence.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.74.15SECTION 1.15
   1.15 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75SUBJGRP 75
   Fees and Payment of Money
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.16SECTION 1.16
   1.16 National application filing, search, and examination fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.17SECTION 1.17
   1.17 Patent application and reexamination processing fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.18SECTION 1.18
   1.18 Patent post allowance (including issue) fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.19SECTION 1.19
   1.19 Document supply fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.20SECTION 1.20
   1.20 Post issuance fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.21SECTION 1.21
   1.21 Miscellaneous fees and charges.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.22SECTION 1.22
   1.22 Fees payable in advance.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.23SECTION 1.23
   1.23 Methods of payment.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.24SECTION 1.24
   1.24 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.25SECTION 1.25
   1.25 Deposit accounts.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.26SECTION 1.26
   1.26 Refunds.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.27SECTION 1.27
   1.27 Definition of small entities and establishing status as a small entity to permit payment of small entity fees; when a determination of entitlement to small entity status and notification of loss of entitlement to small entity status are required; frau
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.28SECTION 1.28
   1.28 Refunds when small entity status is later established; how errors in small entity status are excused.
37:1.0.1.1.1.1.75.29SECTION 1.29
   1.29 Micro entity status.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2SUBPART B
Subpart B - National Processing Provisions
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.76SUBJGRP 76
   Prosecution of Application and Appointment of Attorney or Agent
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.76.1SECTION 1.31
   1.31 Applicant may be represented by one or more patent practitioners or joint inventors.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.76.2SECTION 1.32
   1.32 Power of attorney.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.76.3SECTION 1.33
   1.33 Correspondence respecting patent applications, patent reexamination proceedings, and other proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.76.4SECTION 1.34
   1.34 Acting in a representative capacity.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.76.5SECTION 1.36
   1.36 Revocation of power of attorney; withdrawal of patent attorney or agent.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77SUBJGRP 77
   Who May Apply for a Patent
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.6SECTION 1.41
   1.41 Inventorship.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.7SECTION 1.42
   1.42 Applicant for patent.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.8SECTION 1.43
   1.43 Application for patent by a legal representative of a deceased or legally incapacitated inventor.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.9SECTION 1.44
   1.44 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.10SECTION 1.45
   1.45 Application for patent by joint inventors.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.11SECTION 1.46
   1.46 Application for patent by an assignee, obligated assignee, or a person who otherwise shows sufficient proprietary interest in the matter.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.12SECTION 1.47
   1.47 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.77.13SECTION 1.48
   1.48 Correction of inventorship pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 116 or correction of the name or order of names in a patent application, other than a reissue application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78SUBJGRP 78
   The Application
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.14SECTION 1.51
   1.51 General requisites of an application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.15SECTION 1.52
   1.52 Language, paper, writing, margins, compact disc specifications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.16SECTION 1.53
   1.53 Application number, filing date, and completion of application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.17SECTION 1.54
   1.54 Parts of application to be filed together; filing receipt.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.18SECTION 1.55
   1.55 Claim for foreign priority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.19SECTION 1.56
   1.56 Duty to disclose information material to patentability.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.20SECTION 1.57
   1.57 Incorporation by reference.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.21SECTION 1.58
   1.58 Chemical and mathematical formulae and tables.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.22SECTION 1.59
   1.59 Expungement of information or copy of papers in application file.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.78.23SECTION 1.60-1.62
   1.60-1.62 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79SUBJGRP 79
   Oath or Declaration
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79.24SECTION 1.63
   1.63 Inventor's oath or declaration.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79.25SECTION 1.64
   1.64 Substitute statement in lieu of an oath or declaration.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79.26SECTION 1.66
   1.66 Statements under oath.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79.27SECTION 1.67
   1.67 Supplemental oath or declaration.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79.28SECTION 1.68
   1.68 Declaration in lieu of oath.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79.29SECTION 1.69
   1.69 Foreign language oaths and declarations.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.79.30SECTION 1.70
   1.70 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80SUBJGRP 80
   Specification
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.31SECTION 1.71
   1.71 Detailed description and specification of the invention.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.32SECTION 1.72
   1.72 Title and abstract.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.33SECTION 1.73
   1.73 Summary of the invention.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.34SECTION 1.74
   1.74 Reference to drawings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.35SECTION 1.75
   1.75 Claim(s).
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.36SECTION 1.76
   1.76 Application data sheet.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.37SECTION 1.77
   1.77 Arrangement of application elements.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.38SECTION 1.78
   1.78 Claiming benefit of earlier filing date and cross-references to other applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.80.39SECTION 1.79
   1.79 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.81SUBJGRP 81
   The Drawings
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.81.40SECTION 1.81
   1.81 Drawings required in patent application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.81.41SECTION 1.83
   1.83 Content of drawing.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.81.42SECTION 1.84
   1.84 Standards for drawings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.81.43SECTION 1.85
   1.85 Corrections to drawings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.81.44SECTION 1.88
   1.88 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.82SUBJGRP 82
   Models, Exhibits, Specimens
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.82.45SECTION 1.91
   1.91 Models or exhibits not generally admitted as part of application or patent.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.82.46SECTION 1.92
   1.92 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.82.47SECTION 1.93
   1.93 Specimens.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.82.48SECTION 1.94
   1.94 Return of models, exhibits or specimens.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.82.49SECTION 1.95
   1.95 Copies of exhibits.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.82.50SECTION 1.96
   1.96 Submission of computer program listings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.83SUBJGRP 83
   Information Disclosure Statement
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.83.51SECTION 1.97
   1.97 Filing of information disclosure statement.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.83.52SECTION 1.98
   1.98 Content of information disclosure statement.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.83.53SECTION 1.99
   1.99 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84SUBJGRP 84
   Examination of Applications
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.54SECTION 1.101
   1.101 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.55SECTION 1.102
   1.102 Advancement of examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.56SECTION 1.103
   1.103 Suspension of action by the Office.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.57SECTION 1.104
   1.104 Nature of examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.58SECTION 1.105
   1.105 Requirements for information.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.59SECTION 1.106-1.108
   1.106-1.108 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.60SECTION 1.109
   1.109 Effective filing date of a claimed invention under the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.84.61SECTION 1.110
   1.110 Inventorship and ownership of the subject matter of individual claims.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.85SUBJGRP 85
   Action by Applicant and Further Consideration
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.85.62SECTION 1.111
   1.111 Reply by applicant or patent owner to a non-final Office action.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.85.63SECTION 1.112
   1.112 Reconsideration before final action.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.85.64SECTION 1.113
   1.113 Final rejection or action.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.85.65SECTION 1.114
   1.114 Request for continued examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86SUBJGRP 86
   Amendments
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.66SECTION 1.115
   1.115 Preliminary amendments.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.67SECTION 1.116
   1.116 Amendments and affidavits or other evidence after final action and prior to appeal.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.68SECTION 1.117-1.119
   1.117-1.119 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.69SECTION 1.121
   1.121 Manner of making amendments in applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.70SECTION 1.122-1.224
   1.122-1.224 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.71SECTION 1.125
   1.125 Substitute specification.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.72SECTION 1.126
   1.126 Numbering of claims.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.86.73SECTION 1.127
   1.127 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.87SUBJGRP 87
   Transitional Provisions
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.87.74SECTION 1.129
   1.129 Transitional procedures for limited examination after final rejection and restriction practice.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.88SUBJGRP 88
   Affidavits Overcoming Rejections
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.88.75SECTION 1.130
   1.130 Affidavit or declaration of attribution or prior public disclosure under the Leahy-Smith America Invents Act.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.88.76SECTION 1.131
   1.131 Affidavit or declaration of prior invention or to disqualify commonly owned patent or published application as prior art.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.88.77SECTION 1.132
   1.132 Affidavits or declarations traversing rejections or objections.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.89SUBJGRP 89
   Interviews
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.89.78SECTION 1.133
   1.133 Interviews.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.90SUBJGRP 90
   Time for Reply by Applicant; Abandonment of Application
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.90.79SECTION 1.134
   1.134 Time period for reply to an Office action.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.90.80SECTION 1.135
   1.135 Abandonment for failure to reply within time period.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.90.81SECTION 1.136
   1.136 Extensions of time.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.90.82SECTION 1.137
   1.137 Revival of abandoned application, or terminated or limited reexamination prosecution.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.90.83SECTION 1.138
   1.138 Express abandonment.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.90.84SECTION 1.139
   1.139 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.91SUBJGRP 91
   Joinder of Inventions in One Application; Restriction
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.91.85SECTION 1.141
   1.141 Different inventions in one national application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.91.86SECTION 1.142
   1.142 Requirement for restriction.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.91.87SECTION 1.143
   1.143 Reconsideration of requirement.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.91.88SECTION 1.144
   1.144 Petition from requirement for restriction.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.91.89SECTION 1.145
   1.145 Subsequent presentation of claims for different invention.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.91.90SECTION 1.146
   1.146 Election of species.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.92SUBJGRP 92
   Design Patents
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.92.91SECTION 1.151
   1.151 Rules applicable.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.92.92SECTION 1.152
   1.152 Design drawings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.92.93SECTION 1.153
   1.153 Title, description and claim, oath or declaration.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.92.94SECTION 1.154
   1.154 Arrangement of application elements in a design application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.92.95SECTION 1.155
   1.155 Expedited examination of design applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93SUBJGRP 93
   Plant Patents
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93.96SECTION 1.161
   1.161 Rules applicable.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93.97SECTION 1.162
   1.162 Applicant, oath or declaration.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93.98SECTION 1.163
   1.163 Specification and arrangement of application elements in a plant application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93.99SECTION 1.164
   1.164 Claim.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93.100SECTION 1.165
   1.165 Plant drawings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93.101SECTION 1.166
   1.166 Specimens.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.93.102SECTION 1.167
   1.167 Examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94SUBJGRP 94
   Reissues
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.103SECTION 1.171
   1.171 Application for reissue.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.104SECTION 1.172
   1.172 Reissue applicant.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.105SECTION 1.173
   1.173 Reissue specification, drawings, and amendments.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.106SECTION 1.174
   1.174 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.107SECTION 1.175
   1.175 Inventor's oath or declaration for a reissue application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.108SECTION 1.176
   1.176 Examination of reissue.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.109SECTION 1.177
   1.177 Issuance of multiple reissue patents.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.110SECTION 1.178
   1.178 Original patent; continuing duty of applicant.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.94.111SECTION 1.179
   1.179 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.95SUBJGRP 95
   Petitions and Action by the Director
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.95.112SECTION 1.181
   1.181 Petition to the Director.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.95.113SECTION 1.182
   1.182 Questions not specifically provided for.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.95.114SECTION 1.183
   1.183 Suspension of rules.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.95.115SECTION 1.184
   1.184 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.96SUBJGRP 96
   Appeal to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.96.116SECTION 1.191
   1.191 Appeal to Patent Trial and Appeal Board.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.96.117SECTION 1.192-1.196
   1.192-1.196 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.96.118SECTION 1.197
   1.197 Termination of proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.96.119SECTION 1.198
   1.198 Reopening after a final decision of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.97SUBJGRP 97
   Publication of Applications
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.97.120SECTION 1.211
   1.211 Publication of applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.97.121SECTION 1.213
   1.213 Nonpublication request.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.97.122SECTION 1.215
   1.215 Patent application publication.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.97.123SECTION 1.217
   1.217 Publication of a redacted copy of an application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.97.124SECTION 1.219
   1.219 Early publication.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.97.125SECTION 1.221
   1.221 Voluntary publication or republication of patent application publication.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.98SUBJGRP 98
   Miscellaneous Provisions
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.98.126SECTION 1.248
   1.248 Service of papers; manner of service; proof of service in cases other than interferences and trials.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.98.127SECTION 1.251
   1.251 Unlocatable file.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.99SUBJGRP 99
   Preissuance Submissions and Protests by Third Parties
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.99.128SECTION 1.290
   1.290 Submissions by third parties in applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.99.129SECTION 1.291
   1.291 Protests by the public against pending applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.99.130SECTION 1.292-1.297
   1.292-1.297 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.100SUBJGRP 100
   Review of Patent and Trademark Office Decisions by Court
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.100.131SECTION 1.301-1.304
   1.301-1.304 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101SUBJGRP 101
   Allowance and Issue of Patent
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101.132SECTION 1.311
   1.311 Notice of allowance.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101.133SECTION 1.312
   1.312 Amendments after allowance.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101.134SECTION 1.313
   1.313 Withdrawal from issue.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101.135SECTION 1.314
   1.314 Issuance of patent.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101.136SECTION 1.315
   1.315 Delivery of patent.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101.137SECTION 1.316
   1.316 Application abandoned for failure to pay issue fee.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.101.138SECTION 1.317-1.318
   1.317-1.318 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.102SUBJGRP 102
   Disclaimer
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.102.139SECTION 1.321
   1.321 Statutory disclaimers, including terminal disclaimers.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.103SUBJGRP 103
   Correction of Errors in Patent
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.103.140SECTION 1.322
   1.322 Certificate of correction of Office mistake.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.103.141SECTION 1.323
   1.323 Certificate of correction of applicant's mistake.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.103.142SECTION 1.324
   1.324 Correction of inventorship in patent, pursuant to 35 U.S.C. 256.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.103.143SECTION 1.325
   1.325 Other mistakes not corrected.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.104SUBJGRP 104
   Arbitration Awards
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.104.144SECTION 1.331-1.334
   1.331-1.334 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.104.145SECTION 1.335
   1.335 Filing of notice of arbitration awards.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.104.146SECTION 1.351-1.352
   1.351-1.352 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.105SUBJGRP 105
   Maintenance Fees
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.105.147SECTION 1.362
   1.362 Time for payment of maintenance fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.105.148SECTION 1.363
   1.363 Fee address for maintenance fee purposes.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.105.149SECTION 1.366
   1.366 Submission of maintenance fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.105.150SECTION 1.377
   1.377 Review of decision refusing to accept and record payment of a maintenance fee filed prior to expiration of patent.
37:1.0.1.1.1.2.105.151SECTION 1.378
   1.378 Acceptance of delayed payment of maintenance fee in expired patent to reinstate patent.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3SUBPART C
Subpart C - International Processing Provisions
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106SUBJGRP 106
   General Information
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.1SECTION 1.401
   1.401 Definitions of terms under the Patent Cooperation Treaty.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.2SECTION 1.412
   1.412 The United States Receiving Office.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.3SECTION 1.413
   1.413 The United States International Searching Authority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.4SECTION 1.414
   1.414 The United States Patent and Trademark Office as a Designated Office or Elected Office.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.5SECTION 1.415
   1.415 The International Bureau.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.6SECTION 1.416
   1.416 The United States International Preliminary Examining Authority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.7SECTION 1.417
   1.417 Submission of translation of international publication.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.106.8SECTION 1.419
   1.419 Display of currently valid control number under the Paperwork Reduction Act.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.107SUBJGRP 107
   Who May File an International Application
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.107.9SECTION 1.421
   1.421 Applicant for international application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.107.10SECTION 1.422
   1.422 Legal representative as applicant in an international application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.107.11SECTION 1.423
   1.423 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.107.12SECTION 1.424
   1.424 Assignee, obligated assignee, or person having sufficient proprietary interest as applicant in an international application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108SUBJGRP 108
   The International Application
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.13SECTION 1.431
   1.431 International application requirements.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.14SECTION 1.432
   1.432 Designation of States by filing an international application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.15SECTION 1.433
   1.433 Physical requirements of international application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.16SECTION 1.434
   1.434 The request.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.17SECTION 1.435
   1.435 The description.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.18SECTION 1.436
   1.436 The claims.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.19SECTION 1.437
   1.437 The drawings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.108.20SECTION 1.438
   1.438 The abstract.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.109SUBJGRP 109
   Fees
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.109.21SECTION 1.445
   1.445 International application filing, processing and search fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.109.22SECTION 1.446
   1.446 Refund of international application filing and processing fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.110SUBJGRP 110
   Priority
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.110.23SECTION 1.451
   1.451 The priority claim and priority document in an international application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.110.24SECTION 1.452
   1.452 Restoration of right of priority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.110.25SECTION 1.453
   1.453 Transmittal of documents relating to earlier search or classification.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.111SUBJGRP 111
   Representation
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.111.26SECTION 1.455
   1.455 Representation in international applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.112SUBJGRP 112
   Transmittal of Record Copy
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.112.27SECTION 1.461
   1.461 Procedures for transmittal of record copy to the International Bureau.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.113SUBJGRP 113
   Timing
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.113.28SECTION 1.465
   1.465 Timing of application processing based on the priority date.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.113.29SECTION 1.468
   1.468 Delays in meeting time limits.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.114SUBJGRP 114
   Amendments
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.114.30SECTION 1.471
   1.471 Corrections and amendments during international processing.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.114.31SECTION 1.472
   1.472 Changes in person, name, or address of applicants and inventors.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.115SUBJGRP 115
   Unity of Invention
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.115.32SECTION 1.475
   1.475 Unity of invention before the International Searching Authority, the International Preliminary Examining Authority and during the national stage.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.115.33SECTION 1.476
   1.476 Determination of unity of invention before the International Searching Authority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.115.34SECTION 1.477
   1.477 Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Searching Authority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116SUBJGRP 116
   International Preliminary Examination
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116.35SECTION 1.480
   1.480 Demand for international preliminary examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116.36SECTION 1.481
   1.481 Payment of international preliminary examination fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116.37SECTION 1.482
   1.482 International preliminary examination and processing fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116.38SECTION 1.484
   1.484 Conduct of international preliminary examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116.39SECTION 1.485
   1.485 Amendments by applicant during international preliminary examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116.40SECTION 1.488
   1.488 Determination of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.116.41SECTION 1.489
   1.489 Protest to lack of unity of invention before the International Preliminary Examining Authority.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.117SUBJGRP 117
   National Stage
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.117.42SECTION 1.491
   1.491 National stage commencement, entry, and fulfillment.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.117.43SECTION 1.492
   1.492 National stage fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.117.44SECTION 1.495
   1.495 Entering the national stage in the United States of America.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.117.45SECTION 1.496
   1.496 Examination of international applications in the national stage.
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.117.46SECTION 1.497
   1.497 Inventor's oath or declaration under 35 U.S.C. 371(c)(4).
37:1.0.1.1.1.3.117.47SECTION 1.499
   1.499 Unity of invention during the national stage.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4SUBPART D
Subpart D - Ex Parte Reexamination of Patents
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.118SUBJGRP 118
   Citation of Prior Art and Written Statements
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.118.1SECTION 1.501
   1.501 Citation of prior art and written statements in patent files.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.118.2SECTION 1.502
   1.502 Processing of prior art citations during an ex parte reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.119SUBJGRP 119
   Request for Ex Parte Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.119.3SECTION 1.510
   1.510 Request for ex parte reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.119.4SECTION 1.515
   1.515 Determination of the request for ex parte reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.119.5SECTION 1.520
   1.520 Ex parte reexamination at the initiative of the Director.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120SUBJGRP 120
   Ex Parte Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.6SECTION 1.525
   1.525 Order for ex parte reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.7SECTION 1.530
   1.530 Statement by patent owner in ex parte reexamination; amendment by patent owner in ex parte or inter partes reexamination; inventorship change in ex parte or inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.8SECTION 1.535
   1.535 Reply by third party requester in ex parte reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.9SECTION 1.540
   1.540 Consideration of responses in ex parte reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.10SECTION 1.550
   1.550 Conduct of ex parte reexamination proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.11SECTION 1.552
   1.552 Scope of reexamination in ex parte reexamination proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.12SECTION 1.555
   1.555 Information material to patentability in ex parte reexamination and inter partes reexamination proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.13SECTION 1.560
   1.560 Interviews in ex parte reexamination proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.120.14SECTION 1.565
   1.565 Concurrent office proceedings which include an ex parte reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.121SUBJGRP 121
   Ex Parte Reexamination Certificate
37:1.0.1.1.1.4.121.15SECTION 1.570
   1.570 Issuance and publication of ex parte reexamination certificate concludes ex parte reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.5SUBPART E
Subpart E - Supplemental Examination of Patents
37:1.0.1.1.1.5.122.1SECTION 1.601
   1.601 Filing of papers in supplemental examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.5.122.2SECTION 1.605
   1.605 Items of information.
37:1.0.1.1.1.5.122.3SECTION 1.610
   1.610 Content of request for supplemental examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.5.122.4SECTION 1.615
   1.615 Format of papers filed in a supplemental examination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.5.122.5SECTION 1.620
   1.620 Conduct of supplemental examination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.5.122.6SECTION 1.625
   1.625 Conclusion of supplemental examination; publication of supplemental examination certificate; procedure after conclusion.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6SUBPART F
Subpart F - Adjustment and Extension of Patent Term
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.122SUBJGRP 122
   Adjustment of Patent Term Due to Examination Delay
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.122.1SECTION 1.701
   1.701 Extension of patent term due to examination delay under the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (original applications, other than designs, filed on or after June 8, 1995, and before May 29, 2000).
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.122.2SECTION 1.702
   1.702 Grounds for adjustment of patent term due to examination delay under the Patent Term Guarantee Act of 1999 (original applications, other than designs, filed on or after May 29, 2000).
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.122.3SECTION 1.703
   1.703 Period of adjustment of patent term due to examination delay.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.122.4SECTION 1.704
   1.704 Reduction of period of adjustment of patent term.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.122.5SECTION 1.705
   1.705 Patent term adjustment determination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123SUBJGRP 123
   Extension of Patent Term Due to Regulatory Review
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.6SECTION 1.710
   1.710 Patents subject to extension of the patent term.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.7SECTION 1.720
   1.720 Conditions for extension of patent term.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.8SECTION 1.730
   1.730 Applicant for extension of patent term; signature requirements.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.9SECTION 1.740
   1.740 Formal requirements for application for extension of patent term; correction of informalities.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.10SECTION 1.741
   1.741 Complete application given a filing date; petition procedure.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.11SECTION 1.750
   1.750 Determination of eligibility for extension of patent term.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.12SECTION 1.760
   1.760 Interim extension of patent term under 35 U.S.C. 156(e)(2).
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.13SECTION 1.765
   1.765 Duty of disclosure in patent term extension proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.14SECTION 1.770
   1.770 Express withdrawal of application for extension of patent term.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.15SECTION 1.775
   1.775 Calculation of patent term extension for a human drug, antibiotic drug or human biological product.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.16SECTION 1.776
   1.776 Calculation of patent term extension for a food additive or color additive.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.17SECTION 1.777
   1.777 Calculation of patent term extension for a medical device.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.18SECTION 1.778
   1.778 Calculation of patent term extension for an animal drug product.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.19SECTION 1.779
   1.779 Calculation of patent term extension for a veterinary biological product.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.20SECTION 1.780
   1.780 Certificate or order of extension of patent term.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.21SECTION 1.785
   1.785 Multiple applications for extension of term of the same patent or of different patents for the same regulatory review period for a product.
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.22SECTION 1.790
   1.790 Interim extension of patent term under 35 U.S.C. 156(d)(5).
37:1.0.1.1.1.6.123.23SECTION 1.791
   1.791 Termination of interim extension granted prior to regulatory approval of a product for commercial marketing or use.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7SUBPART G
Subpart G - Biotechnology Invention Disclosures
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124SUBJGRP 124
   Deposit of Biological Material
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.1SECTION 1.801
   1.801 Biological material.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.2SECTION 1.802
   1.802 Need or opportunity to make a deposit.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.3SECTION 1.803
   1.803 Acceptable depository.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.4SECTION 1.804
   1.804 Time of making an original deposit.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.5SECTION 1.805
   1.805 Replacement or supplement of deposit.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.6SECTION 1.806
   1.806 Term of deposit.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.7SECTION 1.807
   1.807 Viability of deposit.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.8SECTION 1.808
   1.808 Furnishing of samples.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.124.9SECTION 1.809
   1.809 Examination procedures.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.125SUBJGRP 125
   Application Disclosures Containing Nucleotide and/or Amino Acid Sequences
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.125.10SECTION 1.821
   1.821 Nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence disclosures in patent applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.125.11SECTION 1.822
   1.822 Symbols and format to be used for nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence data.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.125.12SECTION 1.823
   1.823 Requirements for nucleotide and/or amino acid sequences as part of the application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.125.13SECTION 1.824
   1.824 Form and format for nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence submissions in computer readable form.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.125.14SECTION 1.825
   1.825 Amendments to or replacement of sequence listing and computer readable copy thereof.
37:1.0.1.1.1.7.126.15.1APPENDIX Appendix A
   Appendix A to Subpart G of Part 1 - Sample Sequence Listing
37:1.0.1.1.1.8SUBPART H
Subpart H - Inter Partes Reexamination of Patents That Issued From an Original Application Filed in the United States on or After November 29, 1999
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.126SUBJGRP 126
   Prior Art Citations
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.126.1SECTION 1.902
   1.902 Processing of prior art citations during an inter partes reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127SUBJGRP 127
   Requirements for Inter Partes Reexamination Proceedings
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.2SECTION 1.903
   1.903 Service of papers on parties in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.3SECTION 1.904
   1.904 Notice of inter partes reexamination in Official Gazette.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.4SECTION 1.905
   1.905 Submission of papers by the public in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.5SECTION 1.906
   1.906 Scope of reexamination in inter partes reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.6SECTION 1.907
   1.907 Inter partes reexamination prohibited.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.7SECTION 1.913
   1.913 Persons eligible to file, and time for filing, a request for inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.8SECTION 1.915
   1.915 Content of request for inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.9SECTION 1.919
   1.919 Filing date of request for inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.10SECTION 1.923
   1.923 Examiner's determination on the request for inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.11SECTION 1.925
   1.925 Partial refund if request for inter partes reexamination is not ordered.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.127.12SECTION 1.927
   1.927 Petition to review refusal to order inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.128SUBJGRP 128
   Inter Partes Reexamination of Patents
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.128.13SECTION 1.931
   1.931 Order for inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.129SUBJGRP 129
   Information Disclosure in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.129.14SECTION 1.933
   1.933 Patent owner duty of disclosure in inter partes reexamination proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130SUBJGRP 130
   Office Actions and Responses (Before the Examiner) in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.15SECTION 1.935
   1.935 Initial Office action usually accompanies order for inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.16SECTION 1.937
   1.937 Conduct of inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.17SECTION 1.939
   1.939 Unauthorized papers in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.18SECTION 1.941
   1.941 Amendments by patent owner in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.19SECTION 1.943
   1.943 Requirements of responses, written comments, and briefs in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.20SECTION 1.945
   1.945 Response to Office action by patent owner in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.21SECTION 1.947
   1.947 Comments by third party requester to patent owner's response in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.22SECTION 1.948
   1.948 Limitations on submission of prior art by third party requester following the order for inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.23SECTION 1.949
   1.949 Examiner's Office action closing prosecution in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.24SECTION 1.951
   1.951 Options after Office action closing prosecution in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.130.25SECTION 1.953
   1.953 Examiner's Right of Appeal Notice in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.131SUBJGRP 131
   Interviews Prohibited in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.131.26SECTION 1.955
   1.955 Interviews prohibited in inter partes reexamination proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.132SUBJGRP 132
   Extensions of Time, Terminating of Reexamination Prosecution, and Petitions To Revive in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.132.27SECTION 1.956
   1.956 Patent owner extensions of time in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.132.28SECTION 1.957
   1.957 Failure to file a timely, appropriate or complete response or comment in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.132.29SECTION 1.958
   1.958 Petition to revive inter partes reexamination prosecution terminated for lack of patent owner response.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.133SUBJGRP 133
   Appeal to the Patent Trial and Appeal Board in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.133.30SECTION 1.959
   1.959 Appeal in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.133.31SECTION 1.961-1.977
   1.961-1.977 [Reserved]
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.133.32SECTION 1.979
   1.979 Return of Jurisdiction from the Patent Trial and Appeal Board; termination of appeal proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.133.33SECTION 1.981
   1.981 Reopening after a final decision of the Patent Trial and Appeal Board.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.134SUBJGRP 134
   Appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.134.34SECTION 1.983
   1.983 Appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.135SUBJGRP 135
   Concurrent Proceedings Involving Same Patent in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.135.35SECTION 1.985
   1.985 Notification of prior or concurrent proceedings in inter partes reexamination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.135.36SECTION 1.987
   1.987 Suspension of inter partes reexamination proceeding due to litigation.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.135.37SECTION 1.989
   1.989 Merger of concurrent reexamination proceedings.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.135.38SECTION 1.991
   1.991 Merger of concurrent reissue application and inter partes reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.135.39SECTION 1.993
   1.993 Suspension of concurrent interference and inter partes reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.135.40SECTION 1.995
   1.995 Third party requester's participation rights preserved in merged proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.136SUBJGRP 136
   Reexamination Certificate in Inter Partes Reexamination
37:1.0.1.1.1.8.136.41SECTION 1.997
   1.997 Issuance and publication of inter partes reexamination certificate concludes inter partes reexamination proceeding.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9SUBPART I
Subpart I - International Design Application
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.137SUBJGRP 137
   General Information
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.137.1SECTION 1.1001
   1.1001 Definitions related to international design applications.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.137.2SECTION 1.1002
   1.1002 The United States Patent and Trademark Office as an office of indirect filing.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.137.3SECTION 1.1003
   1.1003 The United States Patent and Trademark Office as a designated office.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.137.4SECTION 1.1004
   1.1004 The International Bureau.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.137.5SECTION 1.1005
   1.1005 Display of currently valid control number under the Paperwork Reduction Act.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.138SUBJGRP 138
   Who May File an International Design Application
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.138.6SECTION 1.1011
   1.1011 Applicant for international design application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.138.7SECTION 1.1012
   1.1012 Applicant's Contracting Party.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139SUBJGRP 139
   The International Design Application
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.8SECTION 1.1021
   1.1021 Contents of the international design application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.9SECTION 1.1022
   1.1022 Form and signature.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.10SECTION 1.1023
   1.1023 Filing date of an international design application in the United States.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.11SECTION 1.1024
   1.1024 The description.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.12SECTION 1.1025
   1.1025 The claim.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.13SECTION 1.1026
   1.1026 Reproductions.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.14SECTION 1.1027
   1.1027 Specimens.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.139.15SECTION 1.1028
   1.1028 Deferment of publication.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.140SUBJGRP 140
   Fees
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.140.16SECTION 1.1031
   1.1031 International design application fees.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.141SUBJGRP 141
   Representation
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.141.17SECTION 1.1041
   1.1041 Representation in an international design application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.141.18SECTION 1.1042
   1.1042 Correspondence respecting international design applications filed with the Office as an office of indirect filing.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.142SUBJGRP 142
   Transmittal of International Design Application to the International Bureau
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.142.19SECTION 1.1045
   1.1045 Procedures for transmittal of international design application to the International Bureau.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.143SUBJGRP 143
   Relief From Prescribed Time Limits; Conversion to a Design Application Under 35 U.S.C. Chapter 16
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.143.20SECTION 1.1051
   1.1051 Relief from prescribed time limits.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.143.21SECTION 1.1052
   1.1052 Conversion to a design application under 35 U.S.C. chapter 16.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144SUBJGRP 144
   National Processing of International Design Applications
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.22SECTION 1.1061
   1.1061 Rules applicable.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.23SECTION 1.1062
   1.1062 Examination.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.24SECTION 1.1063
   1.1063 Notification of refusal.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.25SECTION 1.1064
   1.1064 One independent and distinct design.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.26SECTION 1.1065
   1.1065 Corrections and other changes in the International Register.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.27SECTION 1.1066
   1.1066 Correspondence address for a nonprovisional international design application.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.28SECTION 1.1067
   1.1067 Title, description, and inventor's oath or declaration.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.29SECTION 1.1068
   1.1068 Statement of grant of protection.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.30SECTION 1.1070
   1.1070 Notification of Invalidation.
37:1.0.1.1.1.9.144.31SECTION 1.1071
   1.1071 Grant of protection for an industrial design only upon issuance of a patent.