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Title 40 Part 52 → Subpart A → §52.39

Title 40 → Chapter I → Subchapter C → Part 52 → Subpart A → §52.39

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 40 Part 52 → Subpart A → §52.39

e-CFR data is current as of December 5, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter CPart 52Subpart A → §52.39


Title 40: Protection of Environment
PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS
Subpart A—General Provisions


§52.39   What are the requirements of the Federal Implementation Plans (FIPs) for the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule (CSAPR) relating to emissions of sulfur dioxide?

Link to an amendment published at 84 FR 66318, Dec. 4, 2019.

(a) The CSAPR SO2 Group 1 Trading Program provisions and the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 Trading Program provisions set forth respectively in subparts CCCCC and DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter constitute the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan provisions that relate to emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2).

(b) The provisions of subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter apply to sources in each of the following States and Indian country located within the borders of such States with regard to emissions occurring in 2015 and each subsequent year: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, West Virginia, and Wisconsin.

(c)(1) The provisions of subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter apply to sources in each of the following States and Indian country located within the borders of such States with regard to emissions occurring in 2015 and each subsequent year: Alabama, Georgia, Kansas, Minnesota, Nebraska, and South Carolina.

(2) The provisions of subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter apply to sources in each of the following States and Indian country located within the borders of such States with regard to emissions occurring in 2015 and 2016 only: Texas.

(d) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, a State listed in paragraph (b) of this section may adopt and include in a SIP revision, and the Administrator will approve, as CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocation provisions replacing the provisions in §97.611(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2016, a list of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 units and the amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances allocated to each unit on such list, provided that the list of units and allocations meets the following requirements:

(1) All of the units on the list must be units that are in the State and commenced commercial operation before January 1, 2010;

(2) The total amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocations on the list must not exceed the amount, under §97.610(a) of this chapter for the State and the control period in 2016, of the CSAPR SO2 Group 1 trading budget minus the sum of the new unit set-aside and Indian country new unit set-aside;

(3) The list must be submitted electronically in a format specified by the Administrator; and

(4) The SIP revision must not provide for any change in the units and allocations on the list after approval of the SIP revision by the Administrator and must not provide for any change in any allocation determined and recorded by the Administrator under subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter;

(5) Provided that:

(i) By October 17, 2011, the State must notify the Administrator electronically in a format specified by the Administrator of the State's intent to submit to the Administrator a complete SIP revision meeting the requirements of paragraphs (d)(1) through (4) of this section by April 1, 2015; and

(ii) The State must submit to the Administrator a complete SIP revision described in paragraph (d)(5)(i) of this section by April 1, 2015.

(e) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, a State listed in paragraph (b) of this section may adopt and include in a SIP revision, and the Administrator will approve, regulations revising subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter as follows and not making any other substantive revisions of that subpart:

(1) The State may adopt, as CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocation or auction provisions replacing the provisions in §§97.611(a) and (b)(1) and 97.612(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2017 or any subsequent year, any methodology under which the State or the permitting authority allocates or auctions CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances and may adopt, in addition to the definitions in §97.602 of this chapter, one or more definitions that shall apply only to terms as used in the adopted CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocation or auction provisions, if such methodology—

(i) Requires the State or the permitting authority to allocate and, if applicable, auction a total amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances for any such control period not exceeding the amount, under §§97.610(a) and 97.621 of this chapter for the State and such control period, of the CSAPR SO2 Group 1 trading budget minus the sum of the Indian country new unit set-aside and the amount of any CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances already allocated and recorded by the Administrator.

(ii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 1 units covered by §97.611(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions for such control period (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator no later than the following dates:

Year of the control period for which CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances are allocated or auctionedDeadline for submission of allocations or auction results to
the Administrator
2017June 1, 2016.
2018June 1, 2016.
2019June 1, 2017.
2020June 1, 2017.
2021June 1, 2018.
2022June 1, 2018.
2023 and any year thereafterJune 1 of the fourth year before the year of the control period.

(iii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 1 units covered by §§97.611(b)(1) and 97.612(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator by July 1 of the year of such control period.

(iv) Does not provide for any change, after the submission deadlines in paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section, in the allocations submitted to the Administrator by such deadlines and does not provide for any change in any allocation determined and recorded by the Administrator under subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter;

(2) Provided that the State must submit a complete SIP revision meeting the requirements of paragraph (e)(1) of this section by December 1 of the year before the year of the deadlines for submission of allocations or auction results under paragraphs (e)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section applicable to the first control period for which the State wants to make allocations or hold an auction under paragraph (e)(1) of this section.

(f) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, a State listed in paragraph (b) of this section may adopt and include in a SIP revision, and the Administrator will approve, as correcting the deficiency in the SIP that is the basis for the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan set forth in paragraphs (a), (b), (d), and (e) of this section with regard to sources in the State (but not sources in any Indian country within the borders of the State), regulations that are substantively identical to the provisions of the CSAPR SO2 Group 1 Trading Program set forth in §§97.602 through 97.635 of this chapter, except that the SIP revision:

(1) May adopt, as CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocation or auction provisions replacing the provisions in §§97.611(a) and (b)(1) and 97.612(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2017 or any subsequent year, any methodology under which the State or the permitting authority allocates or auctions CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances and that—

(i) Requires the State or the permitting authority to allocate and, if applicable, auction a total amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances for any such control period not exceeding the amount, under §§97.610(a) and 97.621 of this chapter for the State and such control period, of the CSAPR SO2 Group 1 trading budget minus the sum of the Indian country new unit set-aside and the amount of any CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances already allocated and recorded by the Administrator.

(ii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 1 units covered by §97.611(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions for such control period (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator no later than the following dates:

Year of the control period for which CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances are allocated or auctionedDeadline for submission of allocations or auction results to
the Administrator
2017June 1, 2016.
2018June 1, 2016.
2019June 1, 2017.
2020June 1, 2017.
2021June 1, 2018.
2022June 1, 2018.
2023 and any year thereafterJune 1 of the fourth year before the year of the control period.

(iii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 1 units covered by §§97.611(b)(1) and 97.612(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator by July 1 of the year of such control period.

(iv) Does not provide for any change, after the submission deadlines in paragraphs (f)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section, in the allocations submitted to the Administrator by such deadlines and does not provide for any change in any allocation determined and recorded by the Administrator under subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter;

(2) May adopt, in addition to the definitions in §97.602 of this chapter, one or more definitions that shall apply only to terms as used in the CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocation or auction provisions adopted under paragraph (f)(1) of this section;

(3) May substitute the name of the State for the term “State” as used in subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter, to the extent the Administrator determines that such substitutions do not make substantive changes in the provisions in §§97.602 through 97.635 of this chapter; and

(4) Must not include any of the requirements imposed on any unit in Indian country within the borders of the State in the provisions in §§97.602 through 97.635 of this chapter and must not include the provisions in §§97.611(b)(2) and (c)(5)(iii), 97.612(b), and 97.621(h) and (j) of this chapter, all of which provisions will continue to apply under any portion of the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan that is not replaced by the SIP revision;

(5) Provided that, if and when any covered unit is located in Indian country within the borders of the State, the Administrator may modify his or her approval of the SIP revision to exclude the provisions in §§97.602 (definitions of “common designated representative”, “common designated representative's assurance level”, and “common designated representative's share”), 97.606(c)(2), and 97.625 of this chapter and the portions of other provisions of subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter referencing these sections and may modify any portion of the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan that is not replaced by the SIP revision to include these provisions;

(6) Provided that the State must submit a complete SIP revision meeting the requirements of paragraphs (f)(1) through (4) of this section by December 1 of the year before the year of the deadlines for submission of allocations or auction results under paragraphs (f)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section applicable to the first control period for which the State wants to make allocations or hold an auction under paragraph (f)(1) of this section.

(g) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, a State listed in paragraph (c)(1) or (2) of this section may adopt and include in a SIP revision, and the Administrator will approve, as CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocation provisions replacing the provisions in §97.711(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2016, a list of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 units and the amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances allocated to each unit on such list, provided that the list of units and allocations meets the following requirements:

(1) All of the units on the list must be units that are in the State and commenced commercial operation before January 1, 2010;

(2) The total amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocations on the list must not exceed the amount, under §97.710(a) of this chapter for the State and the control period in 2016, of the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 trading budget minus the sum of the new unit set-aside and Indian country new unit set-aside;

(3) The list must be submitted electronically in a format specified by the Administrator; and

(4) The SIP revision must not provide for any change in the units and allocations on the list after approval of the SIP revision by the Administrator and must not provide for any change in any allocation determined and recorded by the Administrator under subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter;

(5) Provided that:

(i) By October 17, 2011, the State must notify the Administrator electronically in a format specified by the Administrator of the State's intent to submit to the Administrator a complete SIP revision meeting the requirements of paragraphs (g)(1) through (4) of this section by April 1, 2015; and

(ii) The State must submit to the Administrator a complete SIP revision described in paragraph (g)(5)(i) of this section by April 1, 2015.

(h) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, a State listed in paragraph (c)(1) of this section may adopt and include in a SIP revision, and the Administrator will approve, regulations revising subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter as follows and not making any other substantive revisions of that subpart:

(1) The State may adopt, as CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocation or auction provisions replacing the provisions in §§97.711(a) and (b)(1) and 97.712(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2017 or any subsequent year, any methodology under which the State or the permitting authority allocates or auctions CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances and may adopt, in addition to the definitions in §97.702 of this chapter, one or more definitions that shall apply only to terms as used in the adopted CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocation or auction provisions, if such methodology—

(i) Requires the State or the permitting authority to allocate and, if applicable, auction a total amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances for any such control period not exceeding the amount, under §§97.710(a) and 97.721 of this chapter for the State and such control period, of the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 trading budget minus the sum of the Indian country new unit set-aside and the amount of any CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances already allocated and recorded by the Administrator.

(ii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 2 units covered by §97.711(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions for such control period (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator no later than the following dates:

Year of the control period for which CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances are allocated or auctionedDeadline for submission of allocations or auction results to
the Administrator
2017June 1, 2016.
2018June 1, 2016.
2019June 1, 2017.
2020June 1, 2017.
2021June 1, 2018.
2022June 1, 2018.
2023 and any year thereafterJune 1 of the fourth year before the year of the control period.

(iii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 2 units covered by §§97.711(b)(1) and 97.712(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator by July 1 of the year of such control period.

(iv) Does not provide for any change, after the submission deadlines in paragraphs (h)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section, in the allocations submitted to the Administrator by such deadlines and does not provide for any change in any allocation determined and recorded by the Administrator under subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter;

(2) Provided that the State must submit a complete SIP revision meeting the requirements of paragraph (h)(1) of this section by December 1 of the year before the year of the deadlines for submission of allocations or auction results under paragraphs (h)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section applicable to the first control period for which the State wants to make allocations or hold an auction under paragraph (h)(1) of this section.

(i) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, a State listed in paragraph (c)(1) of this section may adopt and include in a SIP revision, and the Administrator will approve, as correcting the deficiency in the SIP that is the basis for the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan set forth in paragraphs (a), (c)(1), (g), and (h) of this section with regard to sources in the State (but not sources in any Indian country within the borders of the State), regulations that are substantively identical to the provisions of the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 Trading Program set forth in §§97.702 through 97.735 of this chapter, except that the SIP revision:

(1) May adopt, as CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocation or auction provisions replacing the provisions in §§97.711(a) and (b)(1) and 97.712(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2017 or any subsequent year, any methodology under which the State or the permitting authority allocates or auctions CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances and that—

(i) Requires the State or the permitting authority to allocate and, if applicable, auction a total amount of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances for any such control period not exceeding the amount, under §§97.710(a) and 97.721 of this chapter for the State and such control period, of the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 trading budget minus the sum of the Indian country new unit set-aside and the amount of any CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances already allocated and recorded by the Administrator.

(ii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 2 units covered by §97.711(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions for such control period (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator no later than the following dates:

Year of the control period for which CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances are allocated or auctionedDeadline for submission of allocations or auction results to
the Administrator
2017June 1, 2016.
2018June 1, 2016.
2019June 1, 2017.
2020June 1, 2017.
2021June 1, 2018.
2022June 1, 2018.
2023 and any year thereafterJune 1 of the fourth year before the year of the control period.

(iii) Requires, to the extent the State adopts provisions for allocations or auctions of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances for any such control period to any CSAPR SO2 Group 2 units covered by §§97.711(b)(1) and 97.712(a) of this chapter, that the State or the permitting authority submit such allocations or the results of such auctions (except allocations or results of auctions to such units of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances remaining in a set-aside after completion of the allocations or auctions for which the set-aside was created) to the Administrator by July 1 of the year of such control period.

(iv) Does not provide for any change, after the submission deadlines in paragraphs (i)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section, in the allocations submitted to the Administrator by such deadlines and does not provide for any change in any allocation determined and recorded by the Administrator under subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter;

(2) May adopt, in addition to the definitions in §97.702 of this chapter, one or more definitions that shall apply only to terms as used in the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocation or auction provisions adopted under paragraph (i)(1) of this section;

(3) May substitute the name of the State for the term “State” as used in subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter, to the extent the Administrator determines that such substitutions do not make substantive changes in the provisions in §§97.702 through 97.735 of this chapter; and

(4) Must not include any of the requirements imposed on any unit in Indian country within the borders of the State in the provisions in §§97.702 through 97.735 of this chapter and must not include the provisions in §§97.711(b)(2) and (c)(5)(iii), 97.712(b), and 97.721(h) and (j) of this chapter, all of which provisions will continue to apply under any portion of the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan that is not replaced by the SIP revision;

(5) Provided that, if and when any covered unit is located in Indian country within the borders of the State, the Administrator may modify his or her approval of the SIP revision to exclude the provisions in §§97.702 (definitions of “common designated representative”, “common designated representative's assurance level”, and “common designated representative's share”), 97.706(c)(2), and 97.725 of this chapter and the portions of other provisions of subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter referencing these sections and may modify any portion of the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan that is not replaced by the SIP revision to include these provisions;

(6) Provided that the State must submit a complete SIP revision meeting the requirements of paragraphs (i)(1) through (4) of this section by December 1 of the year before the year of the deadlines for submission of allocations or auction results under paragraphs (i)(1)(ii) and (iii) of this section applicable to the first control period for which the State wants to make allocations or hold an auction under paragraph (i)(1) of this section.

(j) Following promulgation of an approval by the Administrator of a State's SIP revision as correcting the SIP's deficiency that is the basis for the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan set forth in paragraphs (a), (b), (d), and (e) of this section or paragraphs (a), (c)(1), (g), and (h) of this section for sources in the State, the provisions of paragraph (b) or (c)(1) of this section, as applicable, will no longer apply to sources in the State, unless the Administrator's approval of the SIP revision is partial or conditional, and will continue to apply to sources in any Indian country within the borders of the State, provided that if the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan was promulgated as a partial rather than full remedy for an obligation of the State to address interstate air pollution, the SIP revision likewise will constitute a partial rather than full remedy for the State's obligation unless provided otherwise in the Administrator's approval of the SIP revision.

(k) Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (j) of this section, if, at the time of such approval of the State's SIP revision, the Administrator has already started recording any allocations of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances under subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter, or allocations of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances under subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter, to units in the State for a control period in any year, the provisions of subpart CCCCC of part 97 of this chapter authorizing the Administrator to complete the allocation and recordation of CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowances, or of subpart DDDDD of part 97 of this chapter authorizing the Administrator to complete the allocation and recordation of CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowances, as applicable, to units in the State for each such control period shall continue to apply, unless provided otherwise by such approval of the State's SIP revision.

(l) The following States have SIP revisions approved by the Administrator under paragraph (d), (e), or (f) of this section:

(1) For each of the following States, the Administrator has approved a SIP revision under paragraph (d) of this section as replacing the CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocation provisions in §97.611(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2016: [none].

(2) For each of the following States, the Administrator has approved a SIP revision under paragraph (e) of this section as replacing the CSAPR SO2 Group 1 allowance allocation provisions in §§97.611(a) and (b)(1) and 97.612(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2017 or any subsequent year: Missouri and New York.

(3) For each of the following States, the Administrator has approved a SIP revision under paragraph (f) of this section as correcting the SIP's deficiency that is the basis for the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan set forth in paragraphs (a), (b), (d), and (e) of this section with regard to sources in the State (but not sources in any Indian country within the borders of the State): Indiana.

(m) The following States have SIP revisions approved by the Administrator under paragraph (g), (h), or (i) of this section:

(1) For each of the following States, the Administrator has approved a SIP revision under paragraph (g) of this section as replacing the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocation provisions in §97.711(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2016: Alabama and Nebraska.

(2) For each of the following States, the Administrator has approved a SIP revision under paragraph (h) of this section as replacing the CSAPR SO2 Group 2 allowance allocation provisions in §§97.711(a) and (b)(1) and 97.712(a) of this chapter with regard to the State and the control period in 2017 or any subsequent year: [none].

(3) For each of the following States, the Administrator has approved a SIP revision under paragraph (i) of this section as correcting the SIP's deficiency that is the basis for the CSAPR Federal Implementation Plan set forth in paragraphs (a), (c)(1), (g), and (h) of this section with regard to sources in the State (but not sources in any Indian country within the borders of the State): Alabama, Georgia, and South Carolina.

[76 FR 48357, Aug. 8, 2011, as amended at 77 FR 10334, Feb. 21, 2012; 79 FR 71671, Dec. 3, 2014; 81 FR 74586 and 74591, Oct. 26, 2016; 82 FR 45496, Sept. 29, 2017; 82 FR 47934, 47939, Oct. 13, 2017; 82 FR 57366, Dec. 5, 2017; 83 FR 64476, Dec. 17, 2018]


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