## Title 40 Part 464

#### Title 40 → Chapter I → Subchapter N → Part 464

#### Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

### Title 40 Part 464

e-CFR data is current as of September 12, 2019

Title 40 → Chapter I → Subchapter N → Part 464 |

Title 40: Protection of Environment

## PART 464—METAL MOLDING AND CASTING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

Subpart A—Aluminum Casting Subcategory

§464.10 Applicability; description of the aluminum casting subcategory.§464.11 Specialized definitions.

§464.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

§464.13 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

§464.14 New source performance standards.

§464.15 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

§464.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

§464.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart B—Copper Casting Subcategory

§464.20 Applicability; description of the copper casting subcategory.§464.21 Specialized definitions.

§464.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

§464.23 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

§464.24 New source performance standards.

§464.25 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

§464.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

§464.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart C—Ferrous Casting Subcategory

§464.30 Applicability; description of the ferrous casting subcategory.§464.31 Specialized definitions.

§464.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

§464.33 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

§464.34 New source performance standards.

§464.35 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

§464.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

§464.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Subpart D—Zinc Casting Subcategory

§464.40 Applicability; description of the zinc casting subcategory.§464.41 Specialized definitions.

§464.42 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

§464.43 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

§464.44 New source performance standards.

§464.45 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

§464.46 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

§464.47 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 306 (b) and (c), 307, 308, and 501 of the Clean Water Act (Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, as amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977) (the “Act”); 33 U.S.C. 1311, 1314 (b), (c), (e) and (g), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317 (b) and (c), 1318, and 1361; 86 Stat. 816, Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

Source: 50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985, unless otherwise noted.

## General Provisions

## §464.01 Applicability.

## §464.02 General definitions.

In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401, the following definitions apply to this part:

(a) Aluminum casting. The remelting of aluminum or an aluminum alloy to form a cast intermediate or final product by pouring or forcing the molten metal into a mold, except for ingots, pigs, or other cast shapes related to nonferrous (primary and secondary) metals manufacturing (40 CFR part 421) and aluminum forming (40 CFR part 467). Processing operations following the cooling of castings not covered under aluminum forming, except for grinding scrubber operations which are covered here, are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(b) Copper casting. The remelting of copper or a copper alloy to form a cast intermediate or final product by pouring or forcing the molten metal into a mold, except for ingots, pigs, or other cast shapes related to nonferrous (primary and secondary) metals manufacturing (40 CFR part 421). Also excluded are casting of beryllium alloys in which beryllium is present at 0.1 or greater percent by weight and precious metals alloys in which the precious metal is present at 30 or greater percent by weight. Except for grinding scrubber operations which are covered here, processing operations following the cooling of castings are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(c) Ferrous casting. The remelting of ferrous metals to form a cast intermediate or finished product by pouring the molten metal into a mold. Except for grinding scrubber operations which are covered here, processing operations following the cooling of castings are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(d) Zinc casting. The remelting of zinc or zinc alloy to form a cast intermediate or final product by pouring or forcing the molten metal into a mold, except for ingots, pigs, or other cast shapes related to nonferrous (primary) metals manufacturing (40 CFR part 421) and nonferrous metals forming (40 CFR part 471). Processing operations following the cooling of castings not covered under nonferrous metals forming are covered under the electroplating and metal finishing point source categories (40 CFR parts 413 and 433).

(e) POTW shall mean “publicly owned treatment works.”

(f) A non-continuous discharger is a plant which does not discharge pollutants during specific periods of time for reasons other than treatment plant upset, such periods being at least 24 hours in duration. A typical example of a non-continuous discharger is a plant where wastewaters are routinely stored for periods in excess of 24 hours to be treated on a batch basis. For non-continuous discharging direct discharging plants, NPDES permit authorities shall apply the mass-based annual average effluent limitations or standards and the concentration-based maximum day and maximum for monthly average effluent limitations or standards established in the regulations. POTWs may elect to establish concentration-based standards for non-continuous discharges to POTWs. They may do so by establishing concentration-based pretreatment standards equivalent to the mass-based standards provided in §§464.15, 464.16, 464.25, 464.26, 464.35, 464.36, 464.45, and 464.46 of the regulations. Equivalent concentration standards may be established by following the procedures outlined in §464.03(b).

(g) Total phenols shall mean total phenolic compounds as measured by the procedure listed in 40 CFR part 136 (distillation followed by colorimetric—4AAP).

(h) Sm3 shall mean standard cubic meters.

(i) SCF shall means standard cubic feet.

(j) Total toxic organics (TTO) shall mean the sum of the mass of each of the toxic organic compounds which are found at a concentration greater than 0.010 mg/l. The specialized definitions for each subpart contain a discrete list of toxic organic compounds comprising TTO for each process segment in which TTO is regulated.

## §464.03 Monitoring and reporting requirements.

(a) As an alternative to monitoring for TTO (total toxic organics), an indirect discharging plant may elect to monitor for Oil and Grease instead. Compliance with the Oil and Grease standard shall be considered equivalent to complying with the TTO standard. Alternate Oil and Grease standards are provided as substitutes for the TTO standards provided in §§464.15, 464.16, 464.25, 464.26, 464.35, 464.36, 464.45, and 464.46.

(b) POTWs may establish concentration standards rather than mass standards, but must ensure that the concentration standards are exactly equivalent to the mass-based standards provided in §§464.15, 464.16, 464.25, 464.26, 464.35, 464.36, 464.45, and 464.46. Equivalent concentration standards may be determined by multiplying the mass-based standards included in the regulations by an appropriate measurement of average production, raw material usage, or air scrubber flow (kkg of metal poured, kkg of sand reclaimed, or standard cubic meters of air scrubbed) and dividing by an appropriate measure of average discharge flow to the POTW, taking into account the proper conversion factors to ensure that the units (mg/l) are correct.

(c) The “monthly average” regulatory values shall be the basis for the monthly average effluent limitations guidelines and standards in direct discharge permits and for pretreatment standards. Compliance with the monthly average effluent limitations guidelines and standards is required regardless of the number of samples analyzed and averaged.

## §464.04 Compliance date for PSES.

## Subpart A—Aluminum Casting Subcategory

## §464.10 Applicability; description of the aluminum casting subcategory.

## §464.11 Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total toxic organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.15) and PSNS (§464.16) for the aluminum subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.15(b) and §464.16(b)):

4. benzene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. Para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

87. trichloroethylene

(2) Die Casting (§464.15(c) and §464.16(c)):

1. acenaphthene

4. benzene

7. chlorobenzene

11. 1,1,1-trichloroethane

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

73. benzo (a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)

76. chrysene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

86. toluene

(3) Dust Collection Scrubber (§464.15(d) and §464.16(d)):

1. acenaphthene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

73. benzo (a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)

84. pyrene

(4) Investment Casting (§464.15(f) and §464.16(f)):

11. 1,1,1-trichloroethane

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

87. trichloroethylene

(5) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.15(g) and §464.16(g)):

1. acenaphthene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

73. benzo (a)pyrene (3,4-benzopyrene)

84. pyrene

(6) Mold Cooling (§464.15(h) and §464.16(h)):

4. benzene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

84. pyrene

85. tetrachloroethylene

87. trichloroethylene

## §464.12 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitation and annual average mass limitation shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0771 | 0.0421 |

Lead (T) | 0.0791 | 0.039 |

Zinc (T) | 0.114 | 0.0431 |

Oil & grease | 3.0 | 1.0 |

TSS | 3.80 | 1.50 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.00 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.017 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.022 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.027 |

Oil & grease | 30 | 10 | 0.501 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 1.0 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (12/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0093 | 0.0051 |

Lead (T) | 0.0096 | 0.0047 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0052 |

Oil & grease | 0.363 | 0.121 |

TSS | 0.46 | 0.182 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0021 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0027 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0033 |

Oil & grease | 30 | 10 | 0.0605 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.121 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.45/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Die Casting Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0068 | 0.0034 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0098 | 0.0037 |

Total Phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

Oil & Grease | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

TSS | 0.33 | 0.13 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}With the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l) (^{2}) | (mg/l) (^{2}) | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0015 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0019 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0023 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0017 |

Oil & Grease | 30 | 10 | 0.0432 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.0864 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times,

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.231 | 0.126 |

Lead (T) | 0.237 | 0.117 |

Zinc (T) | 0.343 | 0.129 |

Total Phenols | 0.258 | 0.09 |

Oil & Grease | 9.01 | 3.0 |

TSS | 11.4 | 4.51 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0511 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0661 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0811 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0601 |

Oil & Grease | 30 | 10 | 1.5 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 3.0 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million SM^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.036/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(f) Investment Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 12.6 | 4.74 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 419 | 165 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 2.97 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 110 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 3.01 | 1.64 |

Lead (T) | 3.09 | 1.52 |

Zinc (T) | 4.45 | 1.68 |

Total phenols | 3.36 | 1.17 |

Oil and grease | 117 | 39.1 |

TSS | 148 | 58.6 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.664 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.859 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 1.05 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.781 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 19.5 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 39.1 |

pH | (^{2}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.468/x) where x is the acutal normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.297 | 0.162 |

Lead (T) | 0.305 | 0.151 |

Zinc (T) | 0.44 | 0.166 |

Oil and grease | 11.6 | 3.86 |

TSS | 14.7 | 5.79 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{1} | (mg/)^{1} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0656 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0849 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.104 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 1.93 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 3.86 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (46.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

## §464.13 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0771 | 0.0421 |

Lead (T) | 0.0791 | 0.039 |

Zinc (T) | 0.114 | 0.0431 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.017 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.022 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.027 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (12/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0093 | 0.0051 |

Lead (T) | 0.0096 | 0.0047 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0052 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0021 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0027 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0033 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.45/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Die Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0068 | 0.0034 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0098 | 0.0037 |

Total Phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0015 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0019 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0023 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0017 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.231 | 0.126 |

Lead (T) | 0.237 | 0.117 |

Zinc (T) | 0.343 | 0.129 |

Total Phenols | 0.258 | 0.09 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0511 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0661 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0811 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0601 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (lb per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.036/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(f) Investment Casting.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 12.6 | 4.74 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 2.97 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 3.01 | 1.64 |

Lead (T) | 3.09 | 1.52 |

Zinc (T) | 4.45 | 1.68 |

Total phenols | 3.36 | 1.17 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.664 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.859 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 1.05 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.781 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.468/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.297 | 0.162 |

Lead (T) | 0.305 | 0.151 |

Zinc (T) | 0.44 | 0.166 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0656 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0849 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.104 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (46.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

## §464.14 New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0771 | 0.0421 |

Lead (T) | 0.0791 | 0.039 |

Zinc (T) | 0.114 | 0.0431 |

Oil and grease | 3.0 | 1.0 |

TSS | 3.8 | 1.5 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.017 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.022 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.027 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.501 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 1.0 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (12/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0093 | 0.0051 |

Lead (T) | 0.0096 | 0.0047 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0052 |

Oil and grease | 0.363 | 0.121 |

TSS | 0.46 | 0.182 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0021 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0027 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0033 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.0605 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.121 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.45/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Die Casting Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for one 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0068 | 0.0034 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0098 | 0.0037 |

Total Phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

Oil and grease | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

TSS and | 0.33 | 0.13 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0015 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0019 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0023 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0017 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.0432 |

TSS and | 38 | 15 | 0.0864 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured)

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant of pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Cooper (T) | 0.231 | 0.126 |

Lead (T) | 0.237 | 0.117 |

Zinc (T) | 0.343 | 0.129 |

Total phenols | 0.258 | 0.09 |

Oil and grease | 9.01 | 3.0 |

TSS | 11.4 | 4.51 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Cooper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0511 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0661 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0811 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0601 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 1.5 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 3.0 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.036/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(f) Investment Casting.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 12.6 | 4.74 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 419 | 165 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 2.97 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 110 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 3.01 | 1.64 |

Lead (T) | 3.09 | 1.52 |

Zinc (T) | 4.45 | 1.68 |

Total phenols | 3.36 | 1.17 |

Oil and grease | 117 | 39.1 |

TSS | 148 | 58.6 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.664 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.859 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 1.05 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.781 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 19.5 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 39.1 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.468/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.297 | 0.162 |

Lead (T) | 0.305 | 0.151 |

Zinc (T) | 0.44 | 0.166 |

Oil and grease | 11.6 | 3.86 |

TSS | 14.7 | 5.79 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0656 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0849 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.104 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 1.93 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 3.86 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (46.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

## §464.15 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0771 | 0.0421 |

Lead (T) | 0.0791 | 0.039 |

Zinc (T) | 0.114 | 0.0431 |

(b) Casting Quench Operation.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0093 | 0.0051 |

Lead (T) | 0.0096 | 0.0047 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0052 |

TT0 | 0.029 | 0.0095 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 0.363 | 0.121 |

(c) Die Casting Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0068 | 0.0034 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0098 | 0.0037 |

Total phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

TTO | 0.0308 | 0.01 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.231 | 0.126 |

Lead (T) | 0.237 | 0.117 |

Zinc (T) | 0.343 | 0.129 |

Total phenols | 0.258 | 0.09 |

TTO | 0.613 | 0.2 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 9.01 | 3.00 |

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(f) Investment Casting.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 12.6 | 4.74 |

TTO | 18.1 | 5.91 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring | 330 | 110 |

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 3.01 | 1.64 |

Lead (T) | 3.09 | 1.52 |

Zinc (T) | 4.45 | 1.68 |

Total phenols | 3.36 | 1.17 |

TTO | 7.97 | 2.6 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 117 | 39.1 |

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.297 | 0.162 |

Lead (T) | 0.305 | 0.151 |

Zinc (T) | 0.44 | 0.166 |

TTO | 0.935 | 0.304 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 11.6 | 3.86 |

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

## §464.16 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0771 | 0.0421 |

Lead (T) | 0.0791 | 0.039 |

Zinc (T) | 0.114 | 0.0431 |

(b) Casting Quench Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0093 | 0.0051 |

Lead (T) | 0.0096 | 0.0047 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0052 |

TTO | 0.029 | 0.0095 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 0.363 | 0.121 |

(c) Die Casting Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0068 | 0.0034 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0098 | 0.0037 |

Total Phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

TTO | 0.0308 | 0.01 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

(d) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.231 | 0.126 |

Lead (T) | 0.237 | 0.117 |

Zinc (T) | 0.343 | 0.129 |

Total Phenols | 0.258 | 0.09 |

TTO | 0.613 | 0.2 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 9.01 | 3.0 |

(e) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(f) Investment Casting.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 12.6 | 4.74 |

TTO | 18.1 | 5.91 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 330 | 110 |

(g) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 3.01 | 1.64 |

Lead (T) | 3.09 | 1.52 |

Zinc (T) | 4.45 | 1.68 |

Total Phenols | 3.36 | 1.17 |

TTO | 7.97 | 2.6 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 117 | 39.1 |

(h) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.297 | 0.162 |

Lead (T) | 0.305 | 0.151 |

Zinc (T) | 0.44 | 0.166 |

TTO | 0.935 | 0.304 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 11.6 | 3.86 |

## §464.17 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

## Subpart B—Copper Casting Subcategory

## §464.20 Applicability; description of the copper casting subcategory.

## §464.21 Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.25) and PSNS (§464.26) for the copper subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.25(a) and §464.26(a)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

64. pentachlorophenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

(2) Dust Collection Scrubbers (§464.25(c) and 464.26(c)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzofluoranthene

75. benzo(k) fluoranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(3) Investment Casting (§464.25(e) and §464.26(e)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzofluoranthene

75. benzo(k) fluoranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. Phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(4) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.25(f) and §464.26(f)):

1. acenaphthene

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

55. naphthalene

58. 4-nitrophenol

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

74. 3,4-benzoflouranthene

75. benzo(k) flouranthene

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(5) Mold Cooling (§464.25(g) and §464.26(g)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

64. pentachlorophenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

## §464.22 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0315 | 0.0156 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0455 | 0.0171 |

Oil and grease | 1.2 | 0.399 |

TSS | 1.52 | 0.598 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0068 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0088 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0108 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.199 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.399 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.952 | 0.47 |

Zinc (T) | 1.37 | 0.518 |

Oil and grease | 36.2 | 12.1 |

TSS | 45.8 | 18.1 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.205 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.265 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.326 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 6.03 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 12.1 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.553 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.567 | 0.28 |

Zinc (T) | 0.818 | 0.309 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

Oil and grease | 21.5 | 7.18 |

TSS | 27.3 | 10.8 |

ph | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.122 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.158 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.194 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.144 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.59 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 7.18 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 12.6 | 4.74 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 419 | 165 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 2.97 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 110 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.86 | 0.918 |

Zinc (T) | 2.68 | 1.01 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

Oil and grease | 70.6 | 23.5 |

TSS | 89.4 | 35.3 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.4 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.518 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.635 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.467 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 11.8 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 23.5 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pound per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.402 | 0.199 |

Zinc (T) | 0.58 | 0.219 |

Oil and grease | 15.3 | 5.09 |

TSS | 19.3 | 7.63 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0865 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.112 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.137 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 2.54 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 5.09 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21760, June 16, 1986]

## §464.23 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous discharges, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | .0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | .0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | .0116 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0068 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.006 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0072 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.205 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.181 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.217 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.553 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.122 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.108 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.129 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.144 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 1.65 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 1.98 |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.4 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.353 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.424 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.471 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0865 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0763 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0916 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

## §464.24 New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | 0.0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | 0.0116 |

Oil and grease | 1.2 | 0.399 |

TSS | 0.598 | 0.479 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0068 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.006 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0072 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.199 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 0.104 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (4.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

Oil and grease | 36.2 | 12.1 |

TSS | 18.1 | 14.5 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.205 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.181 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.217 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 6.03 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 3.13 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (145/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.553 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

Oil and grease | 21.5 | 7.18 |

TSS | 10.8 | 8.61 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.122 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.108 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.129 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.144 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.59 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 1.87 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.086/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per millions pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 165 | 132 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 1.87 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 1.65 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 1.98 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 28.6 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

Oil and grease | 70.6 | 23.5 |

TSS | 35.3 | 28.2 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.4 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.353 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.424 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.471 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 11.8 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 6.12 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.282/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

Oil and grease | 15.3 | 5.09 |

TSS | 7.63 | 6.11 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/1)^{2} | (mg/1)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0865 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0763 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0916 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 2.54 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 1.32 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pound) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (61/x) where x is the actual normalized process waste-water flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

## §464.25 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | 0.0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | 0.0116 |

TTO | 0.0335 | 0.0109 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.2 | 0.399 |

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.552 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

TTO | 1.65 | 0.54 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 21.5 | 7.18 |

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

TTO | 25.4 | 8.29 |

Oil and grease for alternate monitoring) | 330 | 110 |

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

TTO | 5.41 | 1.77 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 70.6 | 23.5 |

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

TTO | 0.428 | 0.14 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 15.3 | 5.09 |

## §464.26 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0307 | 0.0168 |

Lead (T) | 0.0211 | 0.0104 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0303 | 0.0116 |

TTO | 0.0335 | 0.0109 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.2 | 0.399 |

(b) Direct Chill Casting Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.928 | 0.506 |

Lead (T) | 0.639 | 0.314 |

Zinc (T) | 0.916 | 0.35 |

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 Million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.552 | 0.301 |

Lead (T) | 0.38 | 0.187 |

Zinc (T) | 0.545 | 0.208 |

Total Phenols | 0.617 | 0.215 |

TTO | 1.65 | 0.54 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 21.5 | 7.18 |

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 8.48 | 4.63 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 8.37 | 3.19 |

TTO | 25.4 | 8.29 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 330 | 110 |

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.81 | 0.988 |

Lead (T) | 1.25 | 0.612 |

Zinc (T) | 1.79 | 0.673 |

Total Phenols | 2.02 | 0.706 |

TTO | 5.41 | 1.77 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 70.6 | 23.5 |

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.392 | 0.214 |

Lead (T) | 0.27 | 0.132 |

Zinc (T) | 0.387 | 0.148 |

TTO | 0.428 | 0.14 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring | 15.3 | 5.09 |

## §464.27 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

## Subpart C—Ferrous Casting Subcategory

## §464.30 Applicability; description of the ferrous casting subcategory.

## §464.31 Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.35) and PSNS (§464.36) for the ferrous subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.35(b) and §464.36(b)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

(2) Dust Collection Scrubber (§464.35(c) and §464.36(b)):

1. acenaphthene

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

64. pentachlorophenol

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(3) Investment Casting (§464.35(e) and §464.36(e)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

77. acenaphthylene

84. pyrene

(4) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.35(f) and §464.36(f)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

67. butyl benzyl phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

72. benzo (a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

76. chrysene

77. acenaphthylene

78. anthracene

80. fluorene

81. phenanthrene

84. pyrene

(5) Mold Cooling (§464.35(g) and §464.36(g)):

23. chloroform (trichloromethane)

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

(6) Slag Quench (§464.35(h) and §464.36(h)):

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

71. dimethyl phthalate

(7) Wet Sand Reclamation (§464.35(i) and §464.36(i)):

1. acenaphthene

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

71. dimethyl phthalate

72. benzo(a)anthracene (1,2-benzanthracene)

77. acenaphthylene

84. pyrene

(b) Cast Iron. An iron containing carbon in excess of the solubility in the austentite that exists in the alloy at the eutectic temperature. Cast iron also is defined here to include any iron-carbon alloys containing 1.2 percent or more carbon by weight.

(c) Ductile Iron. A cast iron that has been treated while molten with a master alloy containing an element such as magnesium or cerium to induce the formation of free graphite as nodules or spherules, which imparts a measurable degree of ductility to the cast metal.

(d) Gray Iron. A cast iron that gives a gray fracture due to the presence of flake graphite.

(e) Malleable Iron. A cast iron made by a prolonged anneal of white cast iron in which decarburization or graphitization, or both, take place to eliminate some or all of the cementite. Graphite is present in the form of temper carbon.

(f) Steel. An iron-base alloy containing carbon, manganese, and often other alloying elements. Steel is defined here to include only those iron-carbon alloys containing less than 1.2 percent carbon by weight.

(g) The “primary metal cast” shall mean the metal that is poured in the greatest quantity at an individual plant.

(h) Multiple Ferrous Melting Furnace Scrubber Configuration. A multiple ferrous melting furnace scrubber configuration is a configuration where two or more discrete wet scrubbing devices are employed in series in a single melting furnace exhaust gas stream. The ferrous melting furnace scrubber mass allowance shall be given to each discrete wet scrubbing device that has an associated wastewater discharge in a multiple ferrous melting furnace scrubber configuration. The mass allowance for each discrete wet scrubber shall be identical and based on the air flow of the exhaust gas stream that passes through the multiple scrubber configuration.

(i) Discrete Wet Scrubbing Device. A discrete wet scrubbing device is a distinct, stand-alone device that removes particulates and fumes from a contaminated gas stream by bringing the gas stream into contact with a scrubber liquor, usually water, and from which there is a wastewater discharge. Examples of discrete wet scrubbing devices are: Spray towers and chambers, venturi scrubbers (fixed and variable), wet caps, packed bed scrubbers, quenchers, and orifice scrubbers. Semi-wet scrubbing devices where water is added and totally evaporates prior to dry air pollution control are not considered to be discrete wet scrubbing devices. Ancillary scrubber operations such as fan washes and backwashes are not considered to be discrete wet scrubber devices. These ancillary operations are covered by the mass limitations of the associated scrubber. Aftercoolers are not considered to be discrete wet scrubbing devices, and water discharges from aftercooling are not regulated as a process wastewater in this category.

## §464.32 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of sand reclaimed; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0353 | 0.0174 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0656 | 0.025 |

Oil and grease | 1.34 | 0.446 |

TSS | 1.7 | 0.67 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0029 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0098 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0179 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.223 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.446 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0376 | 0.0185 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0699 | 0.0266 |

Oil and grease | 1.43 | 0.476 |

TSS | 1.81 | 0.713 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0031 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0105 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.019 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.238 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.476 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.593 | 0.293 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.421 |

Total phenols | 0.656 | 0.225 |

Oil and grease | 22.5 | 7.51 |

TSS | 28.5 | 11.3 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | |

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0488 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.165 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.3 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.15 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.76 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 7.51 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio (0.090/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 16.2 | 6.17 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 419 | 165 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.716 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 4.41 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 110 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 2.77 | 1.37 |

Zinc (T) | 5.15 | 1.96 |

Total phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

Oil and grease | 105 | 35 |

TSS | 133 | 52.6 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.228 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.771 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 1.4 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.701 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 17.5 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 35 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) or air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.117 | 0.0576 |

Zinc (T) | 0.217 | 0.0827 |

Oil and grease | 4.43 | 1.48 |

TSS | 5.61 | 2.22 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0096 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0325 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0591 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.738 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 1.48 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Slag Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Cooper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.144 | 0.0709 |

Zinc (T) | 0.267 | 0.102 |

Oil and grease | 5.46 | 1.82 |

TSS | 6.91 | 2.73 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0118 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.04 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0728 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.909 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 1.82 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wasterwater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Cooper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.59 | 0.291 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.418 |

Total phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

Oil and grease | 22.4 | 7.47 |

TSS | 28.4 | 11.2 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Cooper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0485 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.164 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.299 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.149 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.73 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 7.47 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

## §464.33 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of sand reclaimed; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0437 | 0.0165 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0029 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0067 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0116 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0353 | 0.0174 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0656 | 0.025 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0029 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0098 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0179 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/100 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0252 | 0.0124 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0466 | 0.0176 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0031 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0071 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0124 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0376 | 0.0185 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0699 | 0.0266 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0031 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0105 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.019 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.398 | 0.195 |

Zinc (T) | 0.736 | 0.278 |

Total phenols | 0.646 | 0.225 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0488 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.113 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.195 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.15 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.593 | 0.293 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.421 |

Total phenols | 0.656 | 0.225 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0488 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.165 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.3 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.15 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 10.8 | 4.07 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.716 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 1.65 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 2.86 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 16.2 | 6.17 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.716 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 4.41 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 1.86 | 0.911 |

Zinc (T) | 3.44 | 1.3 |

Total Phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.228 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.526 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.911 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.701 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 2.77 | 1.37 |

Zinc (T) | 5.15 | 1.96 |

Total Phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.228 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.771 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 1.4 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.701 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.0783 | 0.0384 |

Zinc (T) | 0.145 | 0.0546 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0096 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0222 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0384 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.117 | 0.0576 |

Zinc (T) | 0.217 | 0.0827 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0096 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0325 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0591 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.0964 | 0.0473 |

Zinc (T) | 0.178 | 0.0673 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0118 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0273 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0473 |

^{1}Kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.144 | 0.0709 |

Zinc (T) | 0.267 | 0.102 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0118 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.04 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0728 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductible or gray iron and to plants that are casting malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.396 | 0.194 |

Zinc (T) | 0.732 | 0.276 |

Total Phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0485 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.112 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.194 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.149 |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.59 | 0.291 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.418 |

Total Phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

PSNS

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0485 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.164 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.299 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.149 |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

## §464.34 New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of sand reclaimed; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0437 | 0.0165 |

Oil and grease | 1.34 | 0.446 |

TSS | 0.67 | 0.536 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0029 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0067 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0116 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.223 |

TTS | 15 | 12 | 0.116 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.33/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0353 | 0.0174 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0656 | 0.025 |

Oil and grease | 1.34 | 0.446 |

TSS | 1.7 | 0.67 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0029 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0098 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0179 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.223 |

TTS | 38 | 15 | 0.446 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.35/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0252 | 0.0124 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0466 | 0.0176 |

Oil and grease | 1.43 | 0.476 |

TSS | 0.713 | 0.571 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0031 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0071 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0124 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.238 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 0.124 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}Kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

^{3}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0376 | 0.0185 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0699 | 0.0266 |

Oil and grease | 1.43 | 0.476 |

TSS | 1.81 | 0.713 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0031 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0105 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.019 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.238 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.476 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}Kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductible or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.398 | 0.195 |

Zinc (T) | 0.736 | 0.278 |

Total Phenols | 0.646 | 0.225 |

Oil and grease | 22.5 | 7.51 |

TSS | 11.3 | 9.01 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0488 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.113 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.195 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.15 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.76 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 1.95 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 millions Sm^{3} (pound per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

^{3}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.593 | 0.293 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.421 |

Total phenols | 0.656 | 0.225 |

Oil and grease | 22.5 | 7.51 |

TSS | 28.5 | 11.3 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0488 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.165 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.3 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.15 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.76 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 7.51 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 millions Sm^{3} (pound per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

^{3}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.09/) where is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to navigable waters.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 10.8 | 4.07 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 165 | 132 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.716 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 1.65 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 2.86 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 28.6 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 16.2 | 6.17 |

Oil and grease | 330 | 110 |

TSS | 419 | 165 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.716 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 2.42 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 4.41 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 55.1 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 110 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1,320/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 1.86 | 0.911 |

Zinc (T) | 3.44 | 1.30 |

Total phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

Oil and grease | 105 | 35 |

TSS | 52.6 | 42.1 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.228 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.526 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.911 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.701 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 17.5 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 9.11 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 2.77 | 1.37 |

Zinc (T) | 5.15 | 1.96 |

Total phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

Oil and grease | 105 | 35 |

TSS | 133 | 52.6 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.228 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.771 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 1.4 |

Total phenols | 0.38 | 0.3 | 0.701 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 17.5 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 35 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.42/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.0783 | 0.0384 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0145 | 0.0546 |

Oil and grease | 4.43 | 1.48 |

TSS | 2.22 | 1.77 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{1} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0096 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0222 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0384 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.738 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 0.384 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million) pounds of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.117 | 0.0576 |

Zinc (T) | 0.217 | 0.0827 |

Oil and grease | 4.43 | 1.48 |

TSS | 5.61 | 2.22 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maxium for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/1)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0096 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0325 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0591 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.738 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 1.48 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million) pounds of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (17.7/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.0964 | 0.0473 |

Zinc (T) | 0.178 | 0.0673 |

Oil and grease | 5.46 | 1.82 |

TSS | 2.73 | 2.18 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0118 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0273 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.0473 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.909 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 0.473 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.144 | 0.0709 |

Zinc (T) | 0.267 | 0.102 |

Oil and grease | 5.46 | 1.82 |

TSS | 6.91 | 2.73 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/1)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0118 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.04 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.0728 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.909 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 1.82 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (21.8/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile or gray iron and to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.396 | 0.194 |

Zinc (T) | 0.732 | 0.276 |

Total phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

Oil and grease | 22.4 | 7.47 |

TSS | 11.2 | 8.96 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0485 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.112 |

Zinc (T) | 0.98 | 0.37 | 0.194 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.149 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.73 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 1.94 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.59 | 0.291 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.418 |

Total phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

Oil and grease | 22.4 | 7.47 |

TSS | 28.4 | 11.2 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.29 | 0.16 | 0.0485 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.164 |

Zinc (T) | 1.47 | 0.56 | 0.299 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.149 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 3.73 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 7.47 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (89.5/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of sand reclaimed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21761, June 16, 1986]

## §464.35 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0437 | 0.0165 |

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0353 | 0.0174 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0656 | 0.025 |

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0252 | 0.0124 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0466 | 0.0176 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.43 | 0.476 |

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0376 | 0.0185 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0699 | 0.0266 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.43 | 0.476 |

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.398 | 0.195 |

Zinc (T) | 0.736 | 0.278 |

Total Phenols | 0.646 | 0.225 |

TTO | 2.04 | 0.664 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.5 | 7.51 |

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where equal to or less than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.593 | 0.293 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.421 |

Total Phenols | 0.656 | 0.225 |

TTO | 2.04 | 0.664 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.5 | 7.51 |

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 10.8 | 4.07 |

TTO | 13.2 | 4.3 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 330 | 110 |

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 16.2 | 6.17 |

TTO | 13.2 | 4.3 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 330 | 110 |

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 1.86 | 0.911 |

Zinc (T) | 3.44 | 1.30 |

Total phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

TTO | 8.34 | 2.73 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 105 | 35 |

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 2.77 | 1.37 |

Zinc (T) | 5.15 | 1.96 |

Total phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

TTO | 8.34 | 2.73 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 105 | 35 |

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.0783 | 0.0384 |

Zinc (T) | 0.145 | 0.0546 |

TTO | 0.0797 | 0.026 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 4.43 | 1.48 |

(2) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily steel, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where equal to or less than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.117 | 0.0576 |

Zinc (T) | 0.217 | 0.0827 |

TTO | 0.0797 | 0.026 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 4.43 | 1.48 |

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.0964 | 0.0473 |

Zinc (T) | 0.178 | 0.0673 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 5.46 | 1.82 |

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.144 | 0.0709 |

Zinc (T) | 0.267 | 0.102 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 5.46 | 1.82 |

(i) West Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.396 | 0.194 |

Zinc (T) | 0.732 | 0.276 |

Total Phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

TTO | 1.18 | 0.386 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.4 | 7.47 |

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.59 | 0.291 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.418 |

Total Phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

TTO | 1.18 | 0.386 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.4 | 7.47 |

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

## §464.36 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7, any new source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Cleaning Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0437 | 0.0165 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0129 | 0.0071 |

Lead (T) | 0.0353 | 0.0174 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0656 | 0.025 |

(b) Casting Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0252 | 0.0124 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0466 | 0.0176 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.43 | 0.476 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0138 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.0376 | 0.0185 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0699 | 0.0266 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.43 | 0.476 |

(c) Dust Collection Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.398 | 0.195 |

Zinc (T) | 0.736 | 0.278 |

Total Phenols | 0.646 | 0.225 |

TTO | 2.04 | 0.664 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.5 | 7.51 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.218 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.593 | 0.293 |

Zinc (T) | 1.1 | 0.421 |

Total Phenols | 0.656 | 0.225 |

TTO | 2.04 | 0.664 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.5 | 7.51 |

(d) Grinding Scrubber Operations. No discharge of process wastewater pollutants to a POTW.

(e) Investment Casting. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 5.84 | 2.86 |

Zinc (T) | 10.8 | 4.07 |

TTO | 13.2 | 4.3 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 330 | 110 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 3.19 | 1.76 |

Lead (T) | 8.7 | 4.3 |

Zinc (T) | 16.2 | 6.17 |

TTO | 13.2 | 4.3 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 330 | 110 |

(f) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 1.86 | 0.911 |

Zinc (T) | 3.44 | 1.3 |

Total Phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

TTO | 8.34 | 2.73 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 105 | 35 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.02 | 0.561 |

Lead (T) | 2.77 | 1.37 |

Zinc (T) | 5.15 | 1.96 |

Total Phenols | 3.01 | 1.05 |

TTO | 8.34 | 2.73 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 105 | 35 |

(g) Mold Cooling Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.0783 | 0.0384 |

Zinc (T) | 0.145 | 0.0546 |

TTO | 0.0797 | 0.026 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 4.43 | 1.48 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0428 | 0.0236 |

Lead (T) | 0.117 | 0.0576 |

Zinc (T) | 0.217 | 0.0827 |

TTO | 0.0797 | 0.026 |

Oil and Grease (for alternate monitoring) | 4.43 | 1.48 |

(h) Slag Quench Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.0964 | 0.0473 |

Zinc (T) | 0.178 | 0.0673 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 5.46 | 1.82 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0527 | 0.0291 |

Lead (T) | 0.144 | 0.0709 |

Zinc (T) | 0.267 | 0.102 |

TTO | 0.0257 | 0.00838 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 5.46 | 1.82 |

(i) Wet Sand Reclamation Operations. (1) Applicable to plants that are casting primarily ductile iron, to plants that are casting primarily malleable iron where greater than 3,557 tons of metal are poured per year, and to plants that are casting primarily gray iron where greater than 1,784 tons of metal are poured per year.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.396 | 0.194 |

Zinc (T) | 0.732 | 0.276 |

Total phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

TTO | 1.18 | 0.386 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.4 | 7.47 |

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of sand reclaimed | ||

Copper (T) | 0.217 | 0.12 |

Lead (T) | 0.59 | 0.291 |

Zinc (T) | 1.10 | 0.418 |

Total phenols | 0.642 | 0.224 |

TTO | 1.18 | 0.386 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 22.4 | 7.47 |

## §464.37 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best conventional pollutant control technology. [Reserved]

## Subpart D—Zinc Casting Subcategory

## §464.40 Applicability; description of the zinc casting subcategory.

## §464.41 Specialized definitions.

For the purpose of this subpart:

(a) Total Toxic Organics (TTO). TTO is a regulated parameter under PSES (§464.45) and PSNS (§464.46) for the zinc subcategory and is comprised of a discrete list of toxic organic pollutants for each process segment where it is regulated, as follows:

(1) Casting Quench (§464.45(a) and §464.46(a)):

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

85. tetrachloroethylene

(2) Die Casting (§465.45(b) and §464.46(b)):

1. acenaphthene

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

24. 2-chlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

85. tetrachloroethylene

86. toluene

87. trichloroethylene

(3) Melting Furnace Scrubber (§464.45(c) and §464.46(c)):

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

55. naphthalene

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

85. tetrachloroethylene

86. toluene

87. trichloroethylene

(4) Mold Cooling (§464.45(d) and §464.46(d)):

21. 2,4,6-trichlorophenol

22. para-chloro meta-cresol

31. 2,4-dichlorophenol

34. 2,4-dimethylphenol

39. fluoranthene

44. methylene chloride (dichloromethane)

65. phenol

66. bis(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate

68. di-n-butyl phthalate

70. diethyl phthalate

85. tetrachloroethylene

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

## §464.42 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/1) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to noncontinuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0344 | 0.0187 |

Lead (T) | 0.0353 | 0.0174 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0509 | 0.0192 |

Oil and grease | 1.34 | 0.446 |

TSS | 1.7 | 0.67 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/1)^{2} | (mg/1)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0098 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0121 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.223 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.446 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pound per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.35/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Die Casting Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0068 | 0.0034 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0098 | 0.0037 |

Total phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

Oil and grease | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

TTS | 0.328 | 0.13 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0015 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0019 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.0023 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0017 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.0432 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 0.0864 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1000 kkg (pound per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 millions Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.56 | 0.852 |

Lead (T) | 1.6 | 0.791 |

Zinc (T) | 2.31 | 0.872 |

Total Phenols | 1.74 | 0.608 |

Oil and grease | 60.8 | 20.3 |

TSS | 77.1 | 30.4 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.345 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.446 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.548 |

Total Phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.406 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 10.1 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 20.3 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.243/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.304 | 0.166 |

Lead (T) | 0.311 | 0.154 |

Zinc (T) | 0.449 | 0.17 |

Oil and grease | 11.8 | 3.94 |

TSS | 15 | 5.91 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.067 |

Lead (T) | 0.79 | 0.39 | 0.0867 |

Zinc (T) | 1.14 | 0.43 | 0.106 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 1.97 |

TSS | 38 | 15 | 3.94 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (47.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

## §464.43 Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable.

Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable, except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent limitations for copper, lead, zinc, and total phenols. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass limitations and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/1) limitations shall apply. Concentration limitations and annual average mass limitations shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0344 | 0.0187 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0339 | 0.0129 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0067 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.008 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.34/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(b) Die Casting Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0046 | 0.0022 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0025 |

Total phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0015 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0013 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0016 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0017 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.56 | 0.852 |

Lead (T) | 1.07 | 0.527 |

Zinc (T) | 1.54 | 0.588 |

Total phenolse | 1.74 | 0.608 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.345 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.304 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.365 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.406 |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.243/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.304 | 0.166 |

Lead (T) | 0.209 | 0.103 |

Zinc (T) | 0.3 | 0.114 |

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.067 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0591 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.071 |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (47.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

## §464.44 New source performance standards.

Any new source subject to this subpart must achieve the following new source performance standards (NSPS), except that non-continuous dischargers shall not be subject to the maximum day and maximum for monthly average mass (kg/1,000 kkg or lb/million lb of metal poured; kg/62.3 million Sm3 or lb/billion SCF of air scrubbed) effluent standards for copper, lead, zinc, total phenols, oil and grease, and TSS. For non-continuous dischargers, annual average mass standards and maximum day and maximum for monthly average concentration (mg/l) standards shall apply. Concentration standards and annual average mass standards shall only apply to non-continuous dischargers.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0344 | 0.0187 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0339 | 0.0129 |

Oil and grease | 1.34 | 0.446 |

TSS | 0.67 | 0.536 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0076 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0067 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.008 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.223 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 0.116 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (5.34/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) Die Casting Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0046 | 0.0022 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0025 |

Total phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

Oil and grease | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

TSS | 0.13 | 0.104 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.0015 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0013 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.0016 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.0017 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 0.0432 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 0.0225 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (1.04/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.56 | 0.852 |

Lead (T) | 1.07 | 0.527 |

Zinc (T) | 1.54 | 0.588 |

Total phenols | 1.74 | 0.608 |

Oil and grease | 60.8 | 20.3 |

TSS | 30.4 | 24.3 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.345 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.304 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.365 |

Total phenols | 0.86 | 0.3 | 0.406 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 10.1 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 5.27 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (0.243/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 SCF of air scrubbed) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

NSPS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.304 | 0.166 |

Lead (T) | 0.209 | 0.103 |

Zinc (T) | 0.3 | 0.114 |

Oil and grease | 11.8 | 3.94 |

TSS | 5.91 | 4.73 |

pH | (^{1}) | (^{1}) |

^{1}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average | Annual average^{1} | |
---|---|---|---|

(mg/l)^{2} | (mg/l)^{2} | ||

Copper (T) | 0.77 | 0.42 | 0.067 |

Lead (T) | 0.53 | 0.26 | 0.0591 |

Zinc (T) | 0.76 | 0.29 | 0.071 |

Oil and grease | 30 | 10 | 1.97 |

TSS | 15 | 12 | 1.03 |

pH | (^{3}) | (^{3}) | (^{3}) |

^{1}kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured.

^{2}These concentrations must be multiplied by the ratio of (47.3/x) where x is the actual normalized process wastewater flow (in gallons per 1,000 pounds of metal poured) for a specific plant.

^{3}Within the range of 7.0 to 10.0 at all times.

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]

## §464.45 Pretreatment standards for existing sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0344 | 0.0187 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0339 | 0.0129 |

TTO | 0.093 | 0.0304 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.34 | 0.446 |

(b) Die Casting Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds of metal poured) | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0046 | 0.0022 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0025 |

Total phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

TTO | 0.0196 | 0.0064 |

Oil and grease for alternate monitoring) | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.56 | 0.852 |

Lead (T) | 1.07 | 0.527 |

Zinc (T) | 1.54 | 0.588 |

Total phenols | 1.74 | 0.608 |

TTO | 3.95 | 1.29 |

Oil and grease for alternate monitoring) | 60.8 | 20.3 |

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.304 | 0.166 |

Lead (T) | 0.209 | 0.103 |

Zinc (T) | 0.3 | 0.114 |

TTO | 0.821 | 0.268 |

Oil and grease for alternate monitoring) | 11.8 | 3.94 |

## §464.46 Pretreatment standards for new sources.

(a) Casting Quench Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0344 | 0.0187 |

Lead (T) | 0.0237 | 0.0116 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0339 | 0.0129 |

TTO | 0.093 | 0.0304 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 1.34 | 0.446 |

(b) Die Casting Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0036 |

Lead (T) | 0.0046 | 0.0022 |

Zinc (T) | 0.0066 | 0.0025 |

Total phenols | 0.0074 | 0.0026 |

TTO | 0.0196 | 0.0064 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 0.259 | 0.0864 |

(c) Melting Furnace Scrubber Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/62.3 million Sm^{3} (pounds per billion SCF) of air scrubbed | ||

Copper (T) | 1.56 | 0.852 |

Lead (T) | 1.07 | 0.527 |

Zinc (T) | 1.54 | 0.588 |

Total phenols | 1.74 | 0.608 |

TTO | 3.95 | 1.29 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 60.8 | 20.3 |

(d) Mold Cooling Operations.

PSNS

Pollutant or pollutant property | Maximum for any 1 day | Maximum for monthly average |
---|---|---|

kg/1,000 kkg (pounds per million pounds) of metal poured | ||

Copper (T) | 0.304 | 0.166 |

Lead (T) | 0.209 | 0.103 |

Zinc (T) | 0.3 | 0.114 |

TTO | 0.821 | 0.268 |

Oil and grease (for alternate monitoring) | 11.8 | 3.94 |

[50 FR 45247, Oct. 30, 1985; 51 FR 21762, June 16, 1986]