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Title 40 Part 461

Title 40 → Chapter I → Subchapter N → Part 461

Electronic Code of Federal Regulations e-CFR

Title 40 Part 461

e-CFR data is current as of October 17, 2019

Title 40Chapter ISubchapter N → Part 461


Title 40: Protection of Environment


PART 461—BATTERY MANUFACTURING POINT SOURCE CATEGORY

Subpart G—Zinc Subcategory

§461.70   Applicability; description of the zinc subcategory.
§461.71   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).
§461.72   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).
§461.73   New source performance standards. (NSPS).
§461.74   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).
§461.75   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

Authority: Secs. 301, 304 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 306 (b) and (c), 307 (b) and (c), 308 and 501 of the Clean Water Act (the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972, as amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977) (the “Act”); 33 U.S.C. 1311, 1314 (b), (c), (e), and (g), 1316 (b) and (c), 1317 (b) and (c), and 1361; 86 Stat. 816, Pub. L. 92-500; 91 Stat. 1567, Pub. L. 95-217.

Source: 49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984, unless otherwise noted.

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General Provisions

§461.1   Applicability.

This part applies to any battery manufacturing plant that discharges or may discharge a pollutant to waters of the United States or that introduces pollutants to a publicly owned treatment works. Battery manufacturing operations subject to regulation under this part shall not be subject to regulation under part 413 or 433.

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§461.2   General definitions.

In addition to the definitions set forth in 40 CFR part 401, the following definitions apply to this part:

(a) “Battery” means a modular electric power source where part or all of the fuel is contained within the unit and electric power is generated directly from a chemical reaction rather than indirectly through a heat cycle engine. In this regulation there is no differentiation between a single cell and a battery.

(b) “Battery manufacturing operations” means all of the specific processes used to produce a battery including the manufacture of anodes and cathodes and associated ancillary operations. These manufacturing operations are excluded from regulation under any other point source category.

(c) “Ancillary operations” means all of the operations specific to battery manufacturing and not included specifically within anode or cathode manufacture (ancillary operations are primarily associated with battery assembly and chemical production of anode or cathode active materials).

(d) “Plate soak” shall mean the process operation of soaking or reacting lead subcategory battery plates, that are more than 2.5 mm (0.100 in) thick, in sulfuric acid.

(e) “Discharge allowance” means the amount of pollutant (mg per kg of production unit) that a plant will be permitted to discharge. For this category the allowances are specific to battery manufacturing operations.

(f) “Miscellaneous wastewater streams” shall mean the combined wastewater streams from the process operations listed below for each subcategory. If a plant has one of these streams then the plant receives the entire miscellaneous waste stream allowance.

(1) Cadmium subcategory. Cell wash, electrolyte preparation, floor and equipment wash, and employee wash.

(2) Lead subcategory. Floor wash, wet air pollution control, battery repair, laboratory, hand wash, and respirator wash.

(3) Lithium subcategory. Floor and equipment wash, cell testing, and lithium scrap disposal.

(4) Zinc subcategory. Cell wash, electrolyte preparation, employee wash, reject cell handling, floor and equipment wash.

(g) “Trucked batteries” shall mean batteries moved into or out of the plant by truck when the truck is actually washed in the plant to remove residues left in the truck from the batteries.

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§461.3   Monitoring and reporting requirements.

The “monthly average” regulatory values shall be the basis for the monthly average discharge in direct discharge permits and for pretreatment standards. Compliance with the monthly discharge limit is required regardless of the number of samples analyzed and averaged.

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§461.4   Compliance date for PSES.

The compliance date for pretreatment standards for existing sources is March 9, 1987.

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Subpart A—Cadmium Subcategory

§461.10   Applicability; description of the cadmium subcategory.

This subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States, and introductions of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works from the manufacturing of cadmium anode batteries.

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§461.11   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available:

(1) Subpart A—Pasted and Pressed Powder Anodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium0.920.41
Nickel5.183.43
Zinc3.941.65
Cobalt0.570.24
Oil and grease54.0032.40
TSS111.0052.65
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart A—Electrodeposited Anodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium237.0104.6
Nickel1,338.2885.2
Zinc1,017.6425.2
Cobalt146.462.7
Oil and grease13,940.08,364.0
TSS28,577.013,592.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart A—Impregnated Anodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium339.3149.7
Nickel1,916.21,267.5
Zinc1,457.1608.8
Cobalt209.689.8
Oil and grease19,960.011,976.0
TSS40,918.019,461.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart A—Nickel Electrodeposited Cathodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium193.585.4
Nickel1,092.5722.6
Zinc830.7347.1
Cobalt119.551.2
Oil and grease11,380.06,828.0
TSS23,329.011,095.5
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(5) Subpart A—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium557.6246.0
Nickel3,148.82,082.8
Zinc2,394.41,000.4
Cobalt344.4147.6
Oil and grease32,800.019,680.0
TSS67,240.031,980.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(6) Subpart A—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Cadmium6.292.77
Nickel35.5423.50
Zinc27.0211.29
Cobalt3.891.66
Oil and grease370.20222.12
TSS758.91360.94
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(7) Subpart A—Cadmium Powder Production.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium powder produced
Cadmium22.349.86
Nickel126.1483.44
Zinc95.9240.08
Cobalt13.805.91
Oil and grease1,314.00788.40
TSS2,693.001,281.20
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(8) Subpart A—Silver Powder Production.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Cadmium7.213.18
Nickel40.7026.92
Silver8.693.61
Zinc30.9512.93
Cobalt4.451.91
Oil and grease424.00254.40
TSS869.20413.40
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(9) Subpart A—Cadmium Hydroxide Production.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium used
Cadmium0.310.14
Nickel1.731.14
Zinc1.310.55
Cobalt0.190.08
Oil and grease18.0010.80
TSS36.9017.60
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(10) Subpart A—Nickel Hydroxide Production.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel used
Cadmium37.416.5
Nickel211.2139.7
Zinc160.667.1
Cobalt23.19.9
Oil and grease2,200.01,320.0
TSS4,510.02,145.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.12   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable:

(1) Subpart A—Electrodeposited Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium11.955.27
Nickel67.4944.64
Zinc51.3221.44
Cobalt7.383.16

(2) Subpart A—Impregnated Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium68.030.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Cobalt42.018.0

(3) Subpart A—Nickel Electrodeposited Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium11.224.95
Nickel63.3641.91
Zinc48.1820.13
Cobalt6.932.97

(4) Subpart A—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium68.030.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Cobalt42.018.0

(5) Subpart A—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Cadmium0.790.35
Nickel4.472.96
Zinc3.401.42
Cobalt0.490.21

(6) Subpart A—Cadmium Powder Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium powder produced
Cadmium2.230.99
Nickel12.618.34
Zinc9.594.01
Cobalt1.380.59

(7) Subpart A—Silver Powder Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Cadmium1.090.48
Nickel6.164.08
Silver1.320.55
Zinc4.691.96
Cobalt0.670.29

(8) Subpart A—Cadmium Hydroxide Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium used
Cadmium0.050.02
Nickel0.270.18
Zinc0.200.09
Cobalt0.030.01

(9) Subpart A—Nickel Hydroxide Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel used
Cadmium5.612.48
Nickel31.6820.96
Zinc24.0910.07
Cobalt3.471.49

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.13   New source performance standards (NSPS).

(a) The discharge of wastewater pollutants from any new source subject to this subpart shall not exceed the standards set forth below:

(1) Subpart A—Electrodeposited Anodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium7.032.81
Nickel19.3313.01
Zinc35.8514.76
Cobalt4.922.46
Oil and grease351.5351.5
TSS527.3421.8
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart A—Impregnated Anodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium40.016.0
Nickel110.074.0
Zinc204.084.0
Cobalt28.014.0
Oil and grease2,000.02,000.0
TSS3,000.02,400.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart A—Nickel Electrodeposited Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium6.602.64
Nickel18.1512.21
Zinc33.6613.86
Cobalt4.622.31
Oil and grease330.0330.0
TSS495.0396.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart A—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium40.016.0
Nickel110.074.0
Zinc204.084.0
Cobalt28.014.0
Oil and grease2,000.02,000.0
TSS3,000.02,400.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(5) Subpart A—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Cadmium0.470.19
Nickel1.280.86
Zinc2.380.98
Cobalt0.330.16
Oil and grease23.323.3
TSS35.028.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(6) Subpart A—Cadmium Powder Production—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium powder produced
Cadmium1.310.53
Nickel3.612.43
Zinc6.702.76
Cobalt0.920.46
Oil and grease65.7065.70
TSS98.5578.84
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(7) Subpart A—Silver Powder Production—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Cadmium0.640.26
Nickel1.771.19
Silver0.930.39
Zinc3.271.35
Cobalt0.450.22
Oil and grease32.1032.10
TSS48.1538.52
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(8) Subpart A—Cadmium Hydroxide Production—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium used
Cadmium0.0280.011
Nickel0.0770.051
Zinc0.1420.058
Cobalt0.0190.009
Oil and grease1.401.40
TSS2.101.68
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(9) Subpart A—Nickel Hydroxide Production—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel used
Cadmium3.301.32
Nickel9.086.11
Zinc16.836.93
Cobalt2.311.16
Oil and grease165.0165.0
TSS247.5198.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 13879, Apr. 9, 1984]

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§461.14   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and §403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart which introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the pretreatment standards for existing sources listed below:

(1) Subpart A—Electrodeposited Anodes.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium11.955.27
Nickel67.4944.64
Zinc51.3221.44
Cobalt7.383.16

(2) Subpart A—Impregnated Anodes.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium68.030.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Cobalt42.018.0

(3) Subpart A—Nickel Electrodeposited Cathodes.

PSES

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium11.224.95
Nickel63.3641.91
Zinc48.1820.13
Cobalt6.932.97

(4) Subpart A—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium68.030.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Cobalt42.018.0

(5) Subpart A—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Cadmium0.790.35
Nickel4.472.96
Zinc3.401.42
Cobalt0.490.21

(6) Subpart A—Cadmium Powder Production—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium powder produced
Cadmium2.230.99
Nickel12.618.34
Zinc9.594.01
Cobalt1.380.59

(7) Subpart A—Silver Powder Production—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Cadmium1.090.48
Nickel6.164.08
Silver1.320.55
Zinc4.691.96
Cobalt0.670.29

(8) Subpart A—Cadmium Hydroxide Production—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium used
Cadmium0.050.02
Nickel0.270.18
Zinc0.200.09
Cobalt0.030.012

(9) Subpart A—Nickel Hydroxide Production—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel used
Cadmium5.612.48
Nickel31.6820.96
Zinc24.0910.07
Cobalt3.471.49

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.15   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 any new source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the pretreatment standards for new sources listed below:

(1) Subpart A—Electrodeposited Anodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium7.032.81
Nickel19.3313.01
Zinc35.8514.76
Cobalt4.922.46

(2) Subpart A—Impregnated Anodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium
Cadmium40.016.0
Nickel110.074.0
Zinc204.084.0
Cobalt28.014.0

(3) Subpart A—Nickel Electrodeposited Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium6.602.64
Nickel18.1512.21
Zinc33.6613.86
Cobalt4.622.31

(4) Subpart A—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Cadmium40.016.0
Nickel110.074.0
Zinc204.084.0
Cobalt28.014.0

(5) Subpart A—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Cadmium0.470.19
Nickel1.280.86
Zinc2.380.98
Cobalt0.330.16

(6) Subpart A—Cadmium Powder Production—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average.
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium powder produced
Cadmium1.310.53
Nickel3.612.43
Zinc6.702.76
Cobalt0.920.46

(7) Subpart A—Silver Powder Production—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average.
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Cadmium0.640.26
Nickel1.771.19
Silver0.930.39
Zinc3.271.35
Cobalt0.450.22

(8) Subpart A—Cadmium Hydroxide Production—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cadmium used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cadmium used
Cadmium0.0280.011
Nickel0.0770.051
Zinc0.1420.058
Cobalt0.0190.009

(9) Subpart A—Nickel Hydroxide Production—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel used
Cadmium3.301.32
Nickel9.086.11
Zinc16.836.93
Cobalt2.311.16

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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Subpart B—Calcium Subcategory

§461.20   Applicability; description of the calcium subcategory.

This subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States and introductions of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works from manufacturing calcium anode batteries.

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§§461.21-461.22   [Reserved]

§461.23   New source performance standards (NSPS).

(a) The discharge of wastewater pollutants from any new source subject to this subpart shall not exceed the standards set forth below.

(b) There shall be no discharge for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operations.

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§461.24   [Reserved]

§461.25   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) Except as provided in §403.7 any new source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the pretreatment standards for new sources listed below.

(b) There shall be no discharge for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operations.

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Subpart C—Lead Subcategory

§461.30   Applicability; description of the lead subcategory.

This subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States and introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works from the manufacturing of lead anode batteries.

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§461.31   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available:

(1) Subpart C—Closed Formation—Double Fill, or Fill and Dump.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.860.45
Lead0.190.090
Iron0.540.27
Oil and grease9.005.40
TSS18.458.78
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart C—Open Formation—Dehydrated.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper20.9911.05
Lead4.642.21
Iron16.136.74
Oil and grease221.00132.60
TSS453.05215.47
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart C—Open Formation—Wet.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.100.05
Lead0.020.01
Iron0.060.03
Oil and grease1.060.64
TSS2.171.03
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart C—Plate Soak.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0400.020
Lead0.0090.004
Iron0.0300.010
Oil and grease0.4200.250
TSS0.8600.410
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(5) Subpart C—Battery Wash (with Detergent).

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper1.710.90
Lead0.380.18
Iron1.080.55
Oil and grease18.0010.80
TSS36.9017.55
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(6) Subpart C—Battery Wash (Water Only).

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper1.120.59
Lead0.250.12
Iron0.710.36
Oil and grease11.807.08
TSS24.1911.51
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(7) Subpart C—Direct Chill Lead Casting.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.000400.00020
Lead0.000080.00004
Iron0.000200.00010
Oil and grease0.004000.00200
TSS0.008000.00300
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(8) Subpart C—Mold Release Formulation.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0110.006
Lead0.0020.001
Iron0.0070.004
Oil and grease0.1200.072
TSS0.2460.117
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(9) Subpart C—Truck Wash.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead in trucked batteries
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead in trucked batteries
Copper0.0260.014
Lead0.0050.002
Iron0.0160.008
Oil and grease0.2800.168
TSS0.5740.273
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(10) Subpart C—Laundry.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.210.11
Lead0.050.02
Iron0.130.07
Oil and grease2.181.31
TSS4.472.13
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(11) Subpart C—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.810.43
Lead0.180.09
Iron0.510.26
Oil and grease8.545.12
TSS17.518.33
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 13879, Apr. 9, 1984]

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§461.32   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable:

(1) Subpart C—Open Formation—Dehydrated.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper3.191.68
Lead0.710.34
Iron2.021.02

(2) Subpart C—Open Formation—Wet.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.1000.053
Lead0.0220.010
Iron0.060.03

(3) Subpart C—Plate Soak.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0390.021
Lead0.0080.004
Iron0.0300.010

(4) Subpart C—Battery Wash (Detergent).

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or Pollutant PropertyMaximum for any 1 DayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper1.710.90
Lead0.380.18
Iron1.080.55

(5) Subpart C—Direct Chill Lead Casting.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.00040.0002
Lead0.000080.00004
Iron0.00020.0001

(6) Subpart C—Mold Release Formulation.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0110.006
Lead0.0020.001
Iron0.0070.003

(7) Subpart C—Truck Wash.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead in trucked batteries
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead in trucked batteries
Copper0.0260.014
Lead0.0050.002
Iron0.0160.008

(8) Subpart C—Laundry.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.210.11
Lead0.050.02
Iron0.130.07

(9) Subpart C—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.580.31
Lead0.130.06
Iron0.370.19

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 13879, Apr. 9, 1984, as amended at 51 FR 30816, Aug. 28, 1986]

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§461.33   New source performance standards (NSPS).

(a) The discharge of wastewater pollutants from any new source subject to this subpart shall not exceed the standards set forth below:

(1) Subpart C—Open Formation—Dehydrated—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper2.151.02
Lead0.470.21
Iron2.011.02
Oil and grease16.8016.80
TSS25.2020.16
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart C—Open Formation—Wet—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0670.032
Lead0.0140.006
Iron0.0630.032
Oil and grease0.530.53
TSS0.800.64
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart C—Plate Soak—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0260.012
Lead0.0050.002
Iron0.0250.012
Oil and grease0.210.21
TSS0.320.25
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart C—Battery Wash (Detergent)—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant PropertyMaximum for any 1 DayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper1.1520.549
Lead0.2520.117
Iron1.080.55
Oil and grease9.09.0
TSS13.510.8
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(5) Subpart C—Direct Chill Lead Casting—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0002560.000122
Lead0.0000560.000026
Iron0.0002400.000122
Oil and grease0.00200.0020
TSS0.00300.0024
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(6) Subpart C—Mold Release Formulation—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.00770.0037
Lead0.00170.0008
Iron0.00720.0037
Oil and grease0.0600.060
TSS0.0900.072
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(7) Subpart C—Truck Wash—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead in trucked batteries
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead in trucked batteries
Copper0.0060.003
Lead0.0010.0007
Iron0.0060.003
Oil and grease0.0500.050
TSS0.0750.060
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(8) Subpart C—Laundry—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.140.07
Lead0.030.01
Iron0.130.07
Oil and grease1.091.09
TSS1.641.31
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(9) Subpart C—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.390.19
Lead0.0850.039
Iron0.370.19
Oil and grease3.073.07
TSS4.613.69
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984, as amended at 51 FR 30816, Aug. 28, 1986]

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§461.34   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the pretreatment standards for existing sources listed below:

(1) Subpart C—Open Formation—Dehydrated—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper3.191.68
Lead0.710.34

(2) Subpart C—Open Formation—Wet—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.1000.053
Lead0.0220.010

(3) Subpart C—Plate Soak—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0390.021
Lead0.0080.004

(4) Subpart C—Battery Wash—(Detergent)—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant PropertyMaximum for any 1 Day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper1.710.90
Lead0.380.18

(5) Subpart C—Direct Chill Lead Casting—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.00040.0002
Lead0.000080.00004

(6) Subpart C—Mold Release Formulation—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0110.006
Lead0.0020.001

(7) Subpart C—Truck Wash—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead in trucked batteries
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead in trucked batteries
Copper0.0260.014
Lead0.0050.002

(8) Subpart C—Laundry—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.210.11
Lead0.050.02

(9) Subpart C—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.580.31
Lead0.130.06

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

(c)(1) In cases where battery employee shower wastewater containing concentrations of lead exceeding 0.20 mg/l is combined with process wastewaters prior to treatment, the Control Authority may, for purposes of applying the Combined Wastestream Formula under §403.6(e) of this chapter, notwithstanding the provisions of §403.6(e), exercise its discretion and classify battery employee shower wastewater as an unregulated rather than a dilute (FD) wastestream.

(2) Before the Control Authority may exercise its discretion to classify such a stream as an unregulated stream, the battery manufacturer must provide engineering, production, and sampling and analysis information sufficient to allow a determination by the Control Authority on how the stream should be classified.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984, as amended at 51 FR 30816, Aug. 28, 1986]

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§461.35   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) Except as provided in §403.7, any new source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources:

(1) Subpart C—Open Formation—Dehydrated—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper2.151.02
Lead0.470.21

(2) Subpart C—Open Formation—Wet—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0670.032
Lead0.0140.006

(3) Subpart C—Plate Soak—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0260.012
Lead0.0050.002

(4) Subpart C—Battery Wash—(Detergent)—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant PropertyMaximum for any 1 Day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper1.1520.549
Lead0.2520.117

(5) Subpart C—Direct Chill Lead Casting—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.0002560.000122
Lead0.0000560.000026

(6) Subpart C—Mold Release Formulation—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.007  0.0037
Lead0.00170.0008

(7) Subpart C—Truck Wash—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead in trucked batteries
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead in trucked batteries
Copper0.0060.003
Lead0.0010.0007

(8) Subpart C—Laundry—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.140.07
Lead0.030.01

(9) Subpart C—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead used
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead used
Copper0.390.19
Lead0.0850.039

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operations other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984, as amended at 51 FR 30817, Aug. 28, 1986]

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Subpart D—Leclanche Subcategory

§461.40   Applicability; description of the Leclanche subcategory.

This subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States, and introductions of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works from manufacturing Leclanche type batteries (zinc anode batteries with acid electrolyte).

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§§461.41-461.42   [Reserved]

§461.43   New source performance standards (NSPS).

(a) The discharge of wastewater pollutants from any new source subject to this subpart shall not exceed the standards set forth below:

(1) Subpart D—Foliar Battery Miscellaneous Wash—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Mercury0.0100.004
Zinc0.0670.030
Manganese0.0190.015
Oil and grease0.660.66
TSS0.990.79
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5 to 10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.44   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources listed below:

(1) Subpart D—Foliar Battery Miscellaneous Wash—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Mercury0.0100.004
Zinc0.0670.030
Manganese0.0190.015

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 27946, July 9, 1984]

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§461.45   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) Except as provided in §403.7 any new source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources listed below.

(1) Subpart D—Foliar Battery Miscellaneous Wash—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Mercury0.0100.004
Zinc0.0670.030
Manganese0.0190.015

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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Subpart E—Lithium Subcategory

§461.50   Applicability; description of the lithium subcategory.

This subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States and introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works from the manufacturing of lithium anode batteries.

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§§461.51-461.52   [Reserved]

§461.53   New source performance standards (NSPS).

(a) The discharge of wastewater pollutants from any new source subject to this subpart shall not exceed the standards set forth below:

(1) Subpart E—Lead Iodide Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead
Chromium23.349.46
Lead17.668.20
Iron75.7038.48
TSS946.2756.96
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart E—Iron Disulfide Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of Iron disulfide
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of Iron disulfide
Chromium2.791.13
Lead2.110.98
Iron9.054.60
TSS113.190.5
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart E—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Chromium0.0390.016
Lead0.0300.014
Iron0.1290.066
TSS1.621.30
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart E—Air Scrubbers—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
TSS434.0207.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.54   [Reserved]

§461.55   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) Except as provided in §403.7 any new source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources listed below:

(1) Subpart E—Lead Iodide Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of lead
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of lead
Chromium23.349.46
Lead17.668.20

(2) Subpart E—Iron Disulfide Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of iron disulfide
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of iron disulfide
Chromium2.791.13
Lead2.110.98

(3) Subpart E—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Chromium0.0390.016
Lead0.0300.014

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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Subpart F—Magnesium Subcategory

§461.60   Applicability; description of the magnesium subcategory.

This subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States and introduction of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works from the manufacturing of magnesium anode batteries.

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§§461.61-461.62   [Reserved]

§461.63   New source performance standards (NSPS).

(a) The discharge of wastewater pollutants from any new source subject to this subpart shall not exceed the standards set forth below:

(1) Subpart F—Silver Chloride Cathodes—Chemically Reduced—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Lead22.9310.65
Silver23.759.83
Iron98.2849.96
TSS1,228.5982.8
COD4,095.01,999.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart F—Silver Chloride Cathodes—Electrolytic—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Lead40.618.9
Silver42.117.4
Iron174.088.5
TSS2,175.01,740.0
COD7,250.03,540.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart F—Cell Testing—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Lead19.57.89
Silver15.36.31
Iron63.132.1
TSS789.0631.2
COD2,630.01,290.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart F—Floor and Equipment Wash—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Lead0.0260.012
Silver0.0270.011
Iron0.1120.057
COD4.702.30
TSS1.411.13
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(5) Subpart F—Air Scrubber—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
TSS8,467.04,030.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 13879, Apr. 9, 1984]

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§461.64   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources listed below:

(1) Subpart F—Silver Chloride Cathodes—Chemically Reduced—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Lead1,032.36491.60
Silver1,007.78417.86

(2) Subpart F—Silver Chloride Cathodes—Electrolytic—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Lead60.929.0
Silver59.524.7

(3) Subpart F—Cell Testing—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Lead22.110.5
Silver21.68.9

(4) Subpart F—Floor and Equipment Wash—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Lead0.0390.018
Silver0.0380.015

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.65   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) Except as provided in §403.7 any new source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources listed below:

(1) Subpart F—Silver Chloride Cathodes—Chemically Reduced—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Lead22.9310.65
Silver23.759.83

(2) Subpart F—Silver Chloride Cathodes—Electrolytic PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Lead40.618.9
Silver42.117.4

(3) Subpart F—Cell Testing—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Lead19.57.89
Silver15.36.31

(4) Subpart F—Floor and Equipment Wash—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Lead0.0260.012
Silver0.0270.011

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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Subpart G—Zinc Subcategory

§461.70   Applicability; description of the zinc subcategory.

This subpart applies to discharges to waters of the United States, and introductions of pollutants into publicly owned treatment works from the manufacturing of zinc anode batteries.

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§461.71   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available (BPT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best practicable control technology currently available:

(1) Subpart G—Wet Amalgamated Powder Anodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of Zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of Zinc
Chromium1.670.68
Mercury0.950.38
Silver1.560.65
Zinc5.552.32
Manganese2.581.10
Oil and grease76.045.6
TSS155.874.1
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart G—Gelled Amalgam Anodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of Zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of Zinc
Chromium0.300.12
Mercury0.170.07
Silver0.280.12
Zinc0.990.42
Manganese0.460.20
Oil and grease13.68.16
TSS27.913.26
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart G—Zinc Oxide, Formed Anodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of Zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of Zinc
Chromium62.925.7
Mercury35.814.3
Silver58.724.3
Zinc208.887.2
Manganese97.241.5
Oil and grease2,860.01,716.0
TSS5,863.02,789.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart G—Electrodeposited Anodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc deposited
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc deposited
Chromium1,404.0574.0
Mercury798.0319.0
Silver1,308.0543.0
Zinc4,657.01,946.0
Manganese2,169.0925.0
Oil and grease63,800.038,280.0
TSS130,700.062,210.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(5) Subpart G—Silver Powder, Formed Cathodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium86.235.3
Mercury49.019.6
Silver80.433.3
Zinc286.2119.6
Manganese133.356.8
Oil and grease3,920.02,350.0
TSS8,036.03,822.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(6) Subpart G—Silver Oxide Powder, Formed Cathodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium57.723.6
Mercury32.813.1
Silver53.722.3
Zinc191.379.9
Manganese89.138.0
Oil and grease2,620.01,570.0
TSS5,370.02,554.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(7) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Cathodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium13.85.65
Mercury7.853.14
Silver12.95.34
Zinc45.819.2
Manganese21.49.11
Oil and grease628.0377.0
TSS1,287.0612.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(8) Subpart G—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Chromium721.6295.2
Mercury410.0164.0
Nickel3,149.02,083.0
Silver672.4279.0
Zinc2,394.41,000.4
Manganese1,115.2475.6
Oil and grease32,800.019,680.0
TSS67,240.031,980.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(9) Subpart G—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Chromium3.851.58
Cyanide2.541.05
Mercury2.190.88
Nickel16.8211.12
Silver3.591.49
Zinc12.795.34
Manganese5.962.54
Oil and grease175.20105.12
TSS359.16170.82
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(10) Subpart G—Silver Etch.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Chromium21.68.84
Mercury12.34.91
Silver20.28.35
Zinc71.730.0
Manganese33.414.3
Oil and grease982.0589.2
TSS2,013.1957.5
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(11) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Production.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver peroxide processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver peroxide processed
Chromium23.09.40
Mercury13.15.22
Silver21.48.88
Zinc76.231.80
Manganese35.515.10
Oil and grease1,044.0627.00
TSS2,140.01,018.00
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(12) Subpart G—Silver Powder Production.

BPT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder processed
Chromium9.333.82
Mercury5.302.12
Silver8.693.61
Zinc30.9512.93
Manganese14.426.15
Oil and grease424.0254.40
TSS869.0413.40
pH(1)(1)

1Within the range of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 13879, Apr. 9, 1984]

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§461.72   Effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable (BAT).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 125.30 through 125.32, any existing point source subject to this subpart must achieve the following effluent limitations representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the application of the best available technology economically achievable:

(1) Subpart G—Wet Amalgamated Powder Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of Zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of Zinc
Chromium0.240.099
Mercury0.140.055
Silver0.230.093
Zinc0.800.34
Manganese0.370.16

(2) Subpart G—Gelled Amalgam Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of Zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of Zinc
Chromium0.0300.012
Mercury0.0170.007
Silver0.0280.012
Zinc0.0990.042
Manganese0.0460.020

(3) Subpart G—Zinc Oxide Formed Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of Zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of Zinc
Chromium9.533.90
Mercury5.422.17
Silver8.893.68
Zinc31.6413.22
Manganese14.746.28

(4) Subpart G—Electrodeposited Anodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc deposited
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc deposited
Chromium94.4738.65
Mercury53.6821.47
Silver88.0336.50
Zinc313.46130.97
Manganese146.0062.26

(5) Subpart G—Silver Powder Formed Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium13.075.35
Mercury7.432.97
Silver12.185.05
Zinc43.3618.12
Manganese20.208.61

(6) Subpart G—Silver Oxide Powder Formed Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium8.733.57
Mercury4.961.99
Silver8.143.37
Zinc28.9812.11
Manganese13.505.76

(7) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium2.090.87
Mercury1.190.48
Silver1.950.81
Zinc6.952.90
Manganese3.241.38

(8) Subpart G—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Chromium88.036.0
Mercury50.020.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Silver82.034.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Manganese136.058.0

(9) Subpart G—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Chromium0.570.23
Cyanide0.380.16
Mercury0.320.13
Nickel2.481.64
Silver0.530.22
Zinc1.880.79
Manganese0.880.37

(10) Subpart G—Silver Etch.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Chromium3.271.34
Mercury1.860.74
Silver3.051.26
Zinc10.864.54
Manganese5.062.16

(11) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver peroxide produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver peroxide produced
Chromium3.481.42
Mercury1.980.79
Silver3.241.34
Zinc11.554.83
Manganese5.382.29

(12) Subpart G—Silver Powder Production.

BAT Effluent Limitations

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Chromium1.410.58
Mercury0.800.32
Silver1.320.55
Zinc4.691.96
Manganese2.180.93

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 13879, Apr. 9, 1984]

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§461.73   New source performance standards. (NSPS).

(a) The discharge of wastewater pollutants from any new source subject to this subpart shall not exceed the standards set forth below:

(1) Subpart G—Zinc Oxide Formed Anodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc
Chromium4.551.97
Mercury2.821.19
Silver4.551.97
Zinc0.870.39
Manganese6.504.98
Oil and grease216.7216.7
TSS325.0260.0
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(2) Subpart G—Electrodeposited Anodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc deposited
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc deposited
Chromium45.0919.54
Mercury27.9111.81
Silver45.0919.54
Zinc8.593.86
Manganese64.4149.38
Oil and grease2,147.002,147.00
TSS3,220.502,576.40
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(3) Subpart G—Silver Powder Formed Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium6.242.70
Mercury3.861.63
Silver6.242.70
Zinc1.190.53
Manganese8.916.83
Oil and grease297.00297.00
TSS445.5  356.40
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(4) Subpart G—Silver Oxide Powder Formed Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium4.171.81
Mercury2.581.09
Silver4.171.81
Zinc0.790.36
Manganese5.964.57
Oil and grease198.5198.5
TSS297.8238.2
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(5) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium1.000.43
Mercury0.620.26
Silver1.000.43
Zinc0.190.09
Manganese1.431.09
Oil and grease47.647.6
TSS71.457.1
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(6) Subpart G—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Chromium42.018.2
Mercury26.011.0
Nickel42.018.2
Silver42.018.2
Zinc8.03.6
Manganese60.046.0
Oil and grease2,000.02,000.0
TSS3,000.02,400.00
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(7) Subpart G—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Chromium0.270.12
Cyanide0.0390.016
Mercury0.170.07
Nickel0.270.12
Silver0.270.12
Zinc0.050.02
Manganese0.390.30
Oil and grease12.9012.90
TSS19.3515.48
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(8) Subpart G—Silver Etch—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Chromium1.560.68
Mercury0.970.41
Silver1.560.68
Zinc0.300.13
Manganese2.231.71
Oil and grease74.4074.40
TSS111.6089.28
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(9) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Production—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver peroxide produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver peroxide produced
Chromium1.660.72
Mercury1.030.44
Silver1.660.72
Zinc0.320.14
Manganese2.371.82
Oil and grease79.1079.10
TSS118.6594.92
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(10) Subpart G—Silver Powder Production—NSPS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Chromium0.670.29
Mercury0.420.18
Silver0.670.29
Zinc0.130.06
Manganese0.960.74
Oil and grease32.1032.10
TSS48.1538.52
pH(1)(1)

1Within the limits of 7.5-10.0 at all times.

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.74   Pretreatment standards for existing sources (PSES).

(a) Except as provided in 40 CFR 403.7 and 403.13, any existing source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for existing sources:

(1) Subpart G—Wet Amalgamated Powder Anode—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc
Chromium0.240.099
Mercury0.140.055
Silver0.230.093
Zinc0.800.34
Manganese0.370.16

(2) Subpart G—Gelled Amalgam Anodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc
Chromium0.0300.12
Mercury0.0170.006
Silver0.0280.012
Zinc0.0990.042
Manganese0.0460.020

(3) Subpart G—Zinc Oxide Formed Anodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc
Chromium9.533.90
Mercury5.422.17
Silver8.893.68
Zinc31.6413.22
Manganese14.746.28

(4) Subpart G—Electrodeposited Anodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc deposited
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc deposited
Chromium94.4738.65
Mercury53.6821.47
Silver88.0336.50
Zinc313.46130.97
Manganese146.0062.26

(5) Subpart G—Silver Powder Formed Cathodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium13.075.35
Mercury7.432.97
Silver12.185.05
Zinc43.3618.12
Maganese20.208.61

(6) Subpart G—Silver Oxide Powder Formed Cathodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium8.733.57
Mercury4.961.99
Silver8.143.37
Zinc28.9812.11
Manganese13.505.76

(7) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Cathodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium2.090.87
Mercury1.190.48
Silver1.950.81
Zinc6.952.90
Manganese3.241.38

(8) Subpart G—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Chromium88.036.0
Mercury50.020.0
Nickel384.0254.0
Silver82.034.0
Zinc292.0122.0
Manganese136.058.0

(9) Subpart G—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Chromium0.570.23
Cyanide0.380.16
Mercury0.320.13
Nickel2.481.64
Silver0.530.22
Zinc1.880.79
Manganese0.880.37

(10) Subpart G—Silver Etch—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Chromium3.271.34
Mercury1.860.74
Silver3.051.26
Zinc10.864.54
Manganese5.062.16

(11) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Production—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver peroxide produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver peroxide produced
Chromium3.481.42
Mercury1.980.79
Silver3.241.34
Zinc11.554.83
Manganese5.382.29

(12) Subpart G—Silver Powder Production—PSES.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Chromium1.410.58
Mercury0.800.32
Silver1.320.55
Zinc4.691.96
Manganese2.180.93

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

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§461.75   Pretreatment standards for new sources (PSNS).

(a) Except as provided in §403.7 any new source subject to this subpart that introduces pollutants into a publicly owned treatment works must comply with 40 CFR part 403 and achieve the following pretreatment standards for new sources listed below:

(1) Subpart G—Zinc Oxide Formed Anodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc
Chromium4.551.97
Mercury2.821.19
Silver4.551.97
Zinc0.870.39
Manganese6.504.98

(2) Subpart G—Electrodeposited Anodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of zinc deposited
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of zinc deposited
Chromium45.0919.54
Mercury27.9111.81
Silver45.0919.54
Zinc8.593.86
Manganese64.4149.38

(3) Subpart G—Silver Powder Formed Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium6.242.70
Mercury3.861.63
Silver6.242.70
Zinc1.190.53
Manganese8.916.83

(4) Subpart G—Silver Oxide Powder Formed Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium4.171.81
Mercury2.581.09
Silver4.171.81
Zinc0.790.36
Manganese5.964.57

(5) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver applied
Chromium1.000.43
Mercury0.620.26
Silver1.000.43
Zinc0.190.09
Manganese1.431.09

(6) Subpart G—Nickel Impregnated Cathodes—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of nickel applied
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of nickel applied
Chromium42.018.2
Mercury26.011.0
Nickel42.018.2
Silver42.018.2
Zinc8.03.6
Manganese60.046.0

(7) Subpart G—Miscellaneous Wastewater Streams—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of cells produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of cells produced
Chromium0.270.12
Cyanide0.0390.016
Mercury0.170.07
Nickel0.270.12
Silver0.270.12
Zinc0.050.02
Manganese0.390.30

(8) Subpart G—Silver Etch—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver processed
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver processed
Chromium1.560.68
Mercury0.970.41
Silver1.560.68
Zinc0.300.13
Manganese2.231.71

(9) Subpart G—Silver Peroxide Production—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant propertyMaximum for any 1 dayMaximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver peroxide produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver peroxide produced
Chromium1.660.72
Mercury1.030.44
Silver1.660.72
Zinc0.320.14
Manganese2.371.82

(10) Subpart G—Silver Powder Production—PSNS.

Pollutant or pollutant property Maximum for any 1 day Maximum for monthly average
  Metric units—mg/kg of silver powder produced
  English units—pounds per 1,000,000 pounds of silver powder produced
Chromium0.670.29
Mercury0.420.18
Silver0.670.29
Zinc0.130.06
Manganese0.960.74

(b) There shall be no discharge allowance for process wastewater pollutants from any battery manufacturing operation other than those battery manufacturing operations listed above.

[49 FR 9134, Mar. 9, 1984; 49 FR 13879, Apr. 9, 1984]

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